Toothache is a special type of pain in the region of the jaws and face, is pulpitis – inflammation of the pulp of the tooth. The short, sharp pains usually occur in response to hot, cold or sweet stimuli.If left untreated, the pulp dies and becomes infected, leading to the formation of a dental abscess. The pain from a dental abscess tends to be in response to pressure on the tooth, and is throbbing and continuous.
# A fracture of the tooth.
# A cracked tooth. This may be invisible and so can be difficult to diagnose.
# Irritation of the pulp following dental treatment. Regardless of how well it is done, dental treatment and the materials used to fill the tooth can sometimes cause pain later.
# An exposed tooth root, which can occur if the gums recede or are damaged by over-vigorous brushing.
The following problems can also cause symptoms similar to toothache, even though the teeth themselves may be free of disease:
* an abscess in the gum (lateral periodontal abscess).
* ulceration of the gums (acute ulcerative gingivitis).
* ulceration of the soft tissues can sometimes be mistaken for toothache.
* inflammation of the gum around a tooth which is in the process of growing/breaking through (pericoronitis).
* inflammation of the sinuses (sinusitis) can be mistaken for toothache in the upper jaw.
Several other conditions may also cause pain in the mouth – always seek advice from your dentist if you have toothache.
Examples of conditions that may cause a toothache and not have a dental origin include:
* Angina – which is a specific type of pain in the chest caused by an
inadequate blood flow through the coronary vessels of the heart muscle. If
left untreated, a heart attack may result, which can be fatal. Pain in the teeth and/ or jaw may occur. Other symptoms can be shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, etc.
* Temporomandibular Dysfunction – pain arises in the joint of the jaw (located in front of the ear) which can radiate
to the teeth and jaws.
* Sinusitis – a sinus inflammation or infection may mimic a toothache. This can be particularly bothersome during periods of the year where environmental allergies are prevalant.
* Trigeminal Neuralgia - also known as tic douloureux, a painful inflammation
of the trigeminal nerve which causes severe facial pain and severe spasms in
the muscles of the face can also make one feel that they have a toothache.
* Cancers - both oral cancers and non-oral cancers can manifest in the jawbone and mimic dental pain.
How can one try to get rid of toothache ?
The best way to prevent toothache is to keep your teeth and gums healthy.When wash your mouth gently massage the gum atleast 2 to three times a day. Try to avoid cavities by reducing your intake of sugary foods and drinks – have them as an occasional treat, and at meal times only.
Brush your teeth twice daily using a toothpaste containing fluoride. To get the most benefit from the fluoride, do not rinse the toothpaste away after brushing.
Clean between your teeth using dental floss, woodsticks or an inter-dental brush according to your dentist’s advice. Visit your dentist regularly. This way, problems can be diagnosed early and your treatment will be more straightforward.
THE FOLLOWING ADVICE MAY BE A GOOD HELP UNTIL ONE IS ABLE TO CONSULT A DENTIST:
# avoid hot, cold or sweet stimuli. This will help prevent pain from pulpitis.
# if the pain is prolonged and severe, painkillers such as ibprofen (eg Nurofen) or SN 15 may provide some relief. Remember even if the pain goes away, without treatment it will eventually become worse.
# if the pain is caused by exposed root surfaces, toothpaste for sensitive teeth, either used normally or rubbed onto the exposed root, may be helpful.
# a hot saltwater mouthwash (a teaspoon of salt to a cup of water) used to thoroughly rinse the painful area may help if the problem is caused by a tooth erupting.
# a saltwater mouthwash can also prevent infection if you have mouth ulcers.
# visit your dentist as soon as possible. This way any treatment will be simple
.(Partly extracted from:http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/health_advice/facts/toothache.htm)
SOME HOME REMEDIES FOR TOOTHACHE:
1. Chew cloves or rub clove oil on the tooth.
2. Peel and crush a clove of fresh garlic and mix it with peanut butter. Apply it to the aching tooth and keep it there for some time.
3. Add some lime juice to asafetida (hing) powder. Soak a piece of cotton and hold it on the tooth and gum.
4 .Mix 1 tablespoon of common salt with 1/2 cup of boiling water. Take a mouthful of this water and move it around the aching tooth.
5 .Burn some turmeric (haldi) sticks, make a fine powder and use as toothpowder.
6. Chew a clove slowly with the aching tooth/teeth to release its juice and leave there for half an hour. Repeat 2-3 times.
7. Chew a ginger piece slowly with the aching tooth/teeth to release its juice and leave there for half an hour. Repeat 2-3 times.
8. Drink the juice of 2-3 star fruit twice a day to get relief from the tooth pain.
9. Boil 5 gram of peppermint and a pinch of salt in 1 cup of water. Drink it to relieve toothache and other pains. You can use peppermint mouthwash.
10. Pour a few drops of Vanilla extract on the paining tooth.
11. Pour a few drops oil of oregano on the paining tooth or gum.
12. Gargle with Listerine Antiseptic.
13.Chew a piece of ice on the side of your mouth that is aching/paining.
SOME REMEDIES FOR TEETH STAINS & TEETH /GUM BLEEDING AND LOOSE TEETH:
Teeth Stains: Add a drop of clove oil to the toothpaste and brush.
Brush your teeth with soda-bicarbonate, it removes nicotine and other dark stains. It helps to prevent the formation of tartar and keeps the teeth white.
Teeth and Gums – Bleeding:
Bacteria form plaque causes gums to recede and bleed due to inflammation. This is called GINGIVITIS Several treatment for GINGIVITIS are there.
Message teeth and gums with a paste of mustard seeds and table salt for about 10 minutes, twice a day.