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Hemoptysis (US English) or haemoptysis (International English) is the expectoration (coughing up) of blood or of blood-stained sputum from the bronchi, larynx, trachea, or lungs (e.g. in tuberculosis or other respiratory infections).
It is not the same as hematemesis, which refers to vomiting up blood.
This can be due to bronchitis or pneumonia most commonly, but also to lung neoplasm (in smokers, when hemoptysis is persistent), aspergilloma, tuberculosis, bronchiectasis, coccidioidomycosis, pulmonary embolism, or pneumonic plague.
Rarer causes include hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT or Rendu-Osler-Weber syndrome), or Goodpasture’s syndrome and Wegener’s granulomatosis.
In children it is commonly due to a foreign body in the respiratory tract.
It can result from over-anticoagulation from treatment by drugs such as warfarin.
The origin of blood can be known by observing its colour. Bright red, foamy blood comes from the respiratory tract while dark red, coffee-colored blood comes from the gastrointestinal tract.
The primarily caus by such diseases may be as tuberculosis and cancer of the lungs. In Ayurveda it is included in the group of urdhvanga rakta pitta. The patient spits blood while coughing. Sometimes blood is accompanied with mucus..
Treatment for hemoptysis depends on the cause and the quantity of blood. Infrequent, mild hemoptysis usually does not require specific, immediate treatment, but it should always be thoroughly investigated in case the underlying disorder is life threatening. There is no way to predict whether a patient with mild hemoptysis will experience massive, life-threatening hemoptysis, so it is very important that the underlying cause be determined and treated.
Massive, or major, hemoptysis is a medical emergency. Death can result, usually from asphyxiation (impaired gas exchange in the lungs, leading to a lack of oxygen and excess of carbon dioxide in the body). In massive hemoptysis, steps are usually taken to localize the source of the bleeding, control the bleeding, and assure that the patient is able to breathe.
For mild or moderate hemoptysis in patients who have chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis, or tuberculosis, treatment usually involves antibiotics. For bronchogenic carcinoma, treatment depends on the stage of the cancer.
In the 20% to 30% of cases that do not have an indentifiable underlying cause, treatment should be fairly conservative and the hemoptysis carefully monitored for at least 2 or 3 years after the initial diagnosis. In 90% of patients who have a normal chest x-ray and bronchoscopy, the hemoptysis usually disappears within 6 months.
For chronic hemoptysis, the treatment is dependent on the symptoms and causes. Sometimes all that is necessary is switching antibiotics. In other instances, more aggressive treatment may be necessary.
Treatment in Ayurveda:
Vasaka is the drug of choice for the treatment of this condition. It is given to the patient in the form of juice in a dose of two teaspoonfuls four times a day. It is bitter in taste and is therefore, given to the patient mixed with honey.
Prawal Pishti, a preparation of coral, is the drug of choice for the treatment of this condition. It is given is a dose of one gm four time a day mixed with honey.
Healing Options in Ayurveda:
Ayurvedic Suppliments:1. Basant Malti Ras, 2. Prawal Pishti,3. Kasamrit Herbal
Diet: Hot and spicy things should be avoided and the patient should be given pomegranate, amlaki, cowâ€™s milk and water. Old rice, soup of patola, moong, masur and meat can be given to the patient.
Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advise or help. It is always best to consult with a Physician about serious health concerns. This information is in no way intended to diagnose or prescribe remedies.
Source:Allayurveda.com,www.pulmonologychannel.com and en.wikipedia.org