Most people who attempt suicide are in their teens or are elderly. Among those who attempt suicide, some are certain that they wish to die while others use the attempt to signal their desperation rather than end their lives. Over half of all suicides and suicides attempts involve drug overdoses, most commonly of an analgesic such as acetaminophen. the suicide rate in the us is about 12 in 100,000 women are three times more likely than men to attempt suicide. However, men are four times more likely to die as a result of a suicide attempts because the methods they use generally have a greater potential to kill. the actual number of suicides is known since some are recorded as deaths from other causes. Nevertheless, suicide is estimated as the ninth leading cause of death in the us and the third most common cause of death in young men after traffic and gunshot accidents.
Teenage suicide attempts are often impulsive and may follow family quarrels or the breakup of a relationship. these attempts rarely indicate a determined wish to die, but a fatal dose of miles may be taken by mistake. youth suicide attempts using guns are extremely fatal. Suicide in elderly people is often the result of depression caused by bereavement and loneliness. incurable, painful physical illnesses lead to 1 in 5 suicides among people over age 65.
Other mental health disorders associated with suicide are schizophrenia, drug dependence, and alcohol dependence.
What might be done?
If suicide has been attempted, admission to the hospital is necessary for assessment and treatment. In the case of an overdose, as much of the ingested substance as possible is removed from the body to prevent it from being absorbed. If the substance is identifiable, an antidote will be given if there is one available. any physical effects of an attempted suicide, such as cuts to the wrist, are treated appropriately.
Treatment for underlying psychiatric problems is particularly important to prevent future suicide attempts. drugs such as antidepressants may be prescribed, and a form of psychotherapy or counseling may be recommended. any problems that may have precipitated the suicide attempt will be identified and help offered to resolve them. After a first suicide attempt, there is an increased risk of future attempts.
Can it be prevented?
Some people talk about their wish to kill themselves before they attempt suicide, and these threats should be taken seriously. Family and friends should try to remove any available means and seek professional help urgently. If there is a high risk of suicide, it may be necessary to admit the person to the hospital, possibly without his or her consent.
After a suicide attempt, treatment for underlying disorders and problems, and family support and vigilance may prevent further attempts. however, a person who has a strong desire to die may try to prevent discovery during an attempt and is more likely to choose a method that will prove fatal.