Phyllanthous Amarus(Bhumi Amla)

Botanical Name: Phyllanthous Amarus
Family : Euphorbiaccac (Spurge family)./Phyllanthaceae

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Malpighiales
Genus: Phyllanthus
Species: P. niruri
Common Name :Bahupatra ,Child pick-a-back, bhuiamla, gulf leafflower, black catnip, meniran, chanca piedra, shatterstone, stone breaker, quebra pedra, bahupatra, gale of wind, carry me seed, hsieh hsia chu.
Vernacular name : Kizharnelli.Kirganelli,Kizhkaynelli

Names in other Indian languages:-
Sanscrit : Bhumya malaki,Thamalaki
Hindi : Jar amla, Jangli amli
Bengali : Bhui amla, Sadhazur mani
Bihar : Mui koa. Kantara
Kannada : Nelanelli
Tamil : Kilanelli
Names in foreign languages:
Spanish : Yerba De Guinina
Franse : Herb Du Chagrin
Brazil : Erva, Pombinha
West Indies : Petit tamarin blanc
Habitat : Southern India,It is seen in Kerala commonly, in cultivated or waste places, especially in moist localities.It is a widespread tropical plant commonly found in coastal areas.

Description:
Shatterstone is a common annual weed in Suriname from the genus Phyllanthus that contains more than 700 species.

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The plant grows up to no more than 1½ feet tall and has small yellow flowers and bears ascending herbaceous branches. The bark is smooth and light green. It bears numerous pale green flowers which are often flushed with red. The fruits are tiny, smooth capsules containing seeds.

YOU MAY CLICK TO SEE THE PICTURE (Phyllanthus niruri)
They have small leaves and very small (2mm) fruits that burst open and the seeds are hurled away.
When the plants are picked, the feathery leaves fold in, completely closing themselves.

The plant has long been used as an herbal remedy for urinary calculi, and has been shown in modern medical research studies to reduce the risks of stones in individuals prone to the condition. Research on the plant continues to determine if it has any other beneficial effects. It may have antiviral activity.

Shatterstone has antispasmodic – and liver protecting activity. Phyllantus Amarus and –Niruri also have anti-viral activity against chronic – and acute hepatitis-B.
Phyllanthus species are extensively used in Ayurvedic medicine.
Phyllanthus amarus, -niruri and closely related species; such as Phyllanthus urinaria, -debilis and -fraternus, seem to contain activity against the endogenous DNAp of hepadna – viruses.
They are all employed in the treatment against kidney – and gallstones as well, other kidney and liver related problems.
They are antihepatotoxic (liver protecting), antibacterial and hypoglycemic.
Other applications are against inflammation of the appendix, diabetes and for prostate problems.
An interesting aspect is the use of this plant for weight loss (slimming down).

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Constituents:
Phyllanthus primarily contains lignans (e.g., phyllanthine and hypophyllanthine, 5-demethoxyniranthin, urinatetralin, dextrobursehernin, urinaligran), alkaloids (ent-norsecurinine, phyllanthoside) and flavonoids & tepenes (quercetin, quercetol, quercitrin), tannins.
Polyphenolic compounds (phyllanthusin F, methyl brevifolincarboxylate, trimethyl ester dehydrochebulic acid, n-octadecane, beta-sitosterol, ellagic acid, daucosterol, kaempferol, quercetin, gallic acid, rutin).

Empirical uses:-
The antiseptic, styptic, carminative, deobstruent, coolant, febrifugal, stomachic, astringent, and diuretic properties of this drug have been utilized in traditional medicine, since time immemorial. Its efficacy in the field of gastro intestinal disorders like dyspepsia, colic, diarrhoea, constipation,Aenimic, jaundice, Dropsy and dysentery is undisputed. In females it is used as a galactogogue, in leucorrhoea, menorrhagia and mammary abscess. In skin conditions, especially scabby or crusty lesions, bruises, wounds, scabies, offensive ulcers and sores, oedematous swellings, tubercular ulcers, and ringworm, it has been utilized with good effect since many years. It is applied effectively in intermittent fevers and gonorrhoea as well as in ophthalmia and conjunctivitis. It has a urolithic property, dissolving renal calculi. Also used in cough, asthma and other bronchial affections.

Clinical Studies:-
Clinical studies conducted with the extract of this plant, points to its great therapeutic efficacy, in the treatment of hepatitis B. Thyagarajan et a! in 1988 have done detailed clinical studies in this respect. In clinical trials, it has also been shown to be effective against infective hepatitis (hepatitis A). It’s antifungal, antiviral, and anticancerous properties have also been demonstrated in experimental animals. It is of great utility in the treatment of diabetes mellitus especially NIDDM as shown in clinical studies in Tanzania and elsewhere. The diuretic and hypotensive effects of this drug on human subjects have also been assessed by Srividya et al in 1995.

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Medicinal uses of Phyllanthus niruri, Phyllanthus urinaria, Phyllanthus amarus

Phyllanthus Amarus – Herb Cure for Hepatitis

Phyllanthus amarus, a world-renowned botanical, aids the liver

Tinctura Phyllanthus amarus & niruri

Disclaimer:The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://www.globalherbalsupplies.com/herb_information/phyllanthus_amarus.htm
http://www.tropilab.com/black-cat.html
http://www.similima.com/proving2.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phyllanthus_niruri

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