Atibala

Botanical Name : MALVACEAE
Family Name: ABUTILON INDICUM
Family:
Malvaceae
syn.: Sida indica L.
Common Name:Indian Abutilon, Indian Mallow,Abutilon [US] Atibala, Khangi [India] Dong kui zi, Mi lan cao [China] Guimauve [Guadaloupe]

Latin Name: Abutilon indicum

vernacular Name: Sans,;Atibala, Hind; Kanghi Eng; Country mallow
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Malvales
Genus: Abutilon
Species: A. indicum
Similarly used species: Abutilon grandifolium
Parts Used: Seeds, leaves, bark and root.
Habitat: The plant grows throughout India and in Sri Lanka, at about an elevation of 1000-1, 500 metres

Description: The perennial shrub grows 1.25-2 metres in height. The leaves are oblong, opposite, toothed, smooth and covered with fine white hair. The flowers are yellow, 2.5 cm in diameter. The fruits are round and have edges on the circumference like a seal, hence called mudra. There are two varieties of atibala, viz. big and small. The plant flowers in June and bears fruits in November.

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The other, big variety is named as Abutilon hirtum. From the roots non – drying oil consisting of various fatty acids vix. Linoleic, oleic, stearic, palmitic. Lauric, myristic, caprylic, capric and unusual fatty acid having C17 carbon skeleton besides sitosterol, and amyrin from unsaponifiable matter is yielded. This oil showed significant analgestic activity. (Indian Drugs 2984, 22,69) . From the leaves amino acids, glucose, fructose and galactose have been isolated. Gossypetin-8 and 7 glucosides and cynidin – 3 – rutinoside is also isolated (Phytochemistry 1972. 11, 1518) Caryophyllene and its oxide, cineole, pinene, geraniol, gerany acetate, eudesmol, farnesol and borneol are identified in oil.

Properties: Atibala is sweet in taste , sweet in the post digestive effect and has cold potency . It alleviates vata and pitta dosa. It possesses oily , slimy and heavy attributes. It is mainly useful in gout, raktapitta and tuberculosis. (Bhavaprakasa Nighantu)

Medicinal Uses
All the four balas, balacatustaya, have sweet taste, sweet post digestive effect and cold potency. They possess oily and slimy attributes and alleviate all the three dosas. Their chief properties are tonic ond oja vardhaka – augment ojas, the subtle essence of all vital fluids, responsible for health, harmony and spiritual growth. They are beneficial in treating gout, tuberculosis and raktapitta bleeding disorders. (Kaiyadeva Nighantu).

Atibala, is used externally, to alleviate the pain and swelling. Internally, the roots and seeds are used for medicinal purpose. In tuberculosis, with cavitation, atibala is valuable as it nourishes the mamsa dhatu (muscle tissue) and augments the strength. It also augments the seminal fluids and normalizes the sukra ksaya, which many a times is a cause of tuberculosis according to Ayurvedic concept. Atibala is salutary in raktapitta to arrest the bleeding tendencies. It is useful as an adjunct in vata diseases like paralysis, facial palsy, cervical spondylosis etc. The diuretic like property of the plant is useful in urinary disorders like dysuria. It sorks well as a uterine tonic as well as an aphrodisiac.

Classical Ayurvedic Proparations:-
Atibala svarasa (juice)
Atibala taila (oil)

It is tikta, katu, subdues deranged vata, anthelminitic, cures burning sensation,allays thirst, antidotal, antiemetic, anti fatigue’

Atibala is considered balya in Ayurveda, which means that it increases strength, vigor and vitality. It is used in facial paralysis and joint disorders. It is also indicated as a uterine tonic as well as an aphrodisiac.

Therapeutic Uses: This plant is often used as a medicinal plant.

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Seeds: in piles; laxative, expectorant; in chronic cystitis,gleet and gonorrhoea;

Leaves: demulcent, locally applied to boils and ulcers and as a fomentation to painful parts of the body; Decoction used in toothache and tender gums; given internally for inflammation ofladder;

Infusion of leaves or root: demulcent and diuretic; prescribed in fever, chest affection, and urethritis; bark: astringent and diuretic.

Western Actions: Lowers fever, anti-inflammatory, expectorant, increases flow of urine. [China] Aphrodesiac, increases flow of urine, tonic, protects lung and bladder mucous membranes. [India]

Energetic Actions: Clears heat and dampness. Opens the orifices. Invigorates blood.[China]

Different Uses:
1. Deafness, ringing in the ears, earache [China] Eye problems [Africa]
2. Colds, high fever, mumps, hives [China] Fever [India]
3. Pulmonary tuberculosis [China] Cough, bronchitis (decocted) [India]
4. Lack of urination. [China] Difficult/painful urination [India]
5. Diabetes, thirst [India]
6. Painful menses [India]
7. Carbuncle [China]
8. Hemorrhoids [India] Hernia [China]
9. Diarrhea, worms. [India] [China]
10. Infusion, poultice or paste for Boils, ulcers. [India]

Combinations: For deafness with Cassia occidentalis (Wan-jiang-nan-zi, Miki-palaoa, Au-koi, Pi-honohono), 60 gm each (!?) [China]

Caution: Use with caution in pregnancy.

Preparation: Dry under sun. Decoct

Dosage: 15-30 grams

Disclaimer:The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abutilon_indicum
http://www.medicineatyourfeet.com/abutilonindicum.html
http://www.herbalcureindia.com/herbs/atibala.htm

http://www.ayurvedkisanjivani.co.uk/ayurveda-herbs.php?herb=Atibala
http://www.impgc.com/plantinfo_A.php?id=98&bc=

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