Siberian Yarrow (Achillea sibirica)

Botanical Name:Achillea sibirica
Family : Compositae
Synonyms : Achillea alpina – L.,  Achillea mongolica – Fisch
Common name : yarrow
Genus : Achillea
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Asterales
Species: A. sibirica

Synonyms: A. alpina. L. A. mongolica. Fisch.

Common Name : Siberian Yarrow
Habitat : Achillea sibirica is native to  E. Asia – China, Japan. North-western N. America. It grows on the  meadows, gardens, sandy slopes and dry areas.

Description: –
Achillea sibirica is an herbaceous Perennial plant with alternate, pinnately compound leaves, on green stems. The flowers are white or pink, borne in summer. The plants are hardy in Zones 3-10 in full sun and are often about 2 feet tall. Two varieties with attractive pink flowers that sometimes fade to white are A.s. ‘Stephanie Cohen’ (Z 5-8) and A.s. var.campschatica ‘Love Parade’.
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It is hardy to zone 6 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.

Very different from the common yarrow, Achillea millefolium. The leaves are a nice glossy dark green, long and serrated. Blooms are more compact than the blowy umbels of its cousin, with more distinct daisy flowers. Interestingly, the flowers fade to almost completely white a few weeks after bloom starts.

Cultivation :-
Succeeds in most soils but prefers a well-drained soil in a sunny position . Plants succeed in maritime gardens. They live longer when growing in a poor soil. A very ornamental plant. Polymorphic. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus.

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Propagation:-
Seed – sow spring or early autumn in a cold frame. The seed usually germinates in 1 – 3 months. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer. Division in spring or autumn. Very easy, the divisions can be planted direct into their permanent positions. Basal cuttings of new shoots in spring. Very easy, collect the shoots when they are about 10cm tall, potting them up individually in pots and keeping them in a warm but lightly shaded position. They should root within 3 weeks and will be ready to plant out in the summer.

Edible Uses
Edible Parts: Leaves.

Young shoots and leaves – cooked.

Medicinal Actions & Uses
Antibacterial; Antiinflammatory; Carminative; Diaphoretic; Emmenagogue; Odontalgic; Stomachic; Tonic.

The whole plant is antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, carminative, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, odontalgic, stomachic and tonic. A decoction is used in the treatment of abscesses, abdominal cramps, amenorrhoea, bleeding, falls, snakebite and stomach ulcers. A poultice of the chewed root can be applied to gum sores.

Disclaimer:The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://www.pfaf.org/database/plants.php?Achillea+sibirica
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Achillea_sibirica
http://www.robsplants.com/plants/AchilSibir.php

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