Summer Pheasant’s Eye (Adonis aestivalis)

Botanical Name : Adonis aestivalis
Family  : Ranunculaceae
Common Name :Summer pheasant’s-eye
Vernacular names:-
Deutsch: Sommer-Adonisröschen
English: Summer pheasant’s eye
Français: Adonis d’été
Lietuvi?: Vasarinis adonis
Nederlands: Zomeradonis
Polski: Mi?ek letni
Svenska: Sommaradonis
Türkçe: Kandamlas?

Genus : Adonis
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Ranunculales
Species: A. aestivalis

Habitat : It is native to Europe but has been introduced elsewhere, such as the western and eastern parts of the United States S. Europe, N. Africa.  Cornfields, usually on calcareous soils. Roadsides, fields, sagebrush scrub, and open pine or aspen forests in valleys and foothills; 1200-2400 m; introduced;


Description:

Plants annual. Stems 10–20 cm tall, branched or unbranched, basally sparsely pubescent. Leaves long petiolate, clustered apically on stem; leaf blade ca. 3.5 cm, increasing in size upward on stem to 6 cm, glabrous or abaxially sparsely pubescent; upper stem leaves finely 2 or 3 × pinnately divided; ultimate segments linear to lanceolate-linear, 0.4–0.8 mm wide. Sepals 5, narrowly rhombic to narrowly ovate, membranous. Petals orange. Ovary narrowly ovoid with a dorsal ridge, apically narrowed. Achenes ovoid, ca. 3.5 mm, reticulate-veined, with conspicuous dorsal and ventral ridges. Fl. Jun.
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It is a medicinal and ornamental plant.
It is hardy to zone 6. It is in flower in June, and the seeds ripen in July.   The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees, flies, beetles. The plant is self-fertile.

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The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It requires moist soil.

Cultivation:
Grows well in ordinary garden soil. Prefers a moist well-drained soil in sun or semi-shade. A greedy plant inhibiting the growth of nearby plants, especially legumes. Very closely related to A. annua.

Propagation:-

Seed – best sown in situ as soon as it is ripe in the autumn, though it can also be sown in situ in the spring.


Medicinal Actions &  Uses

Cardiotonic; Diuretic; Laxative; Lithontripic.
The plant is a cardiotonic, diuretic and stimulant. Some caution is advised in the use of this remedy, see the notes above on toxicity. The flowers are considered to be diuretic, laxative and lithontripic.

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein by us is intended for educational purposes only.Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Known Hazards : A toxic principle is present in very small quantities in the plant . It is poorly absorbed so poisoning is unlikely. The plant is poisonous to horses.You may click to see & read:

Resources:
http://www.pfaf.org/database/plants.php?Adonis+aestivalis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adonis_aestivalis
http://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Adonis_aestivalis
http://www.eol.org/pages/594858
http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/img_query?rel-taxon=contains&where-taxon=Adonis+aestivalis

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