Korean Mint

Botanical Name : Agastache rugosa
Family: Lamiaceae
Synonyms :  Lophanthus rugosus – Fisch.&C.A.Mey.
Common Names: Korean Mint, Blue Licorice, Purple Giant Hyssop, Huo xiang, Indian Mint, Patchouli Herb, Wrinkled Giant Hyssop
Genus: Agastache
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Lamiales
Species: A. rugosa

Habitat : E. Asia – China, Japan, Korea, Siberia .  Grassy places in mountains, especially by streams, and in valleys all over Japan. Sunny, more or less stony meadows from the lowlands to elevations of 1500 metres.Cultivated Beds;

Description :

It is  a herbaceous perennial plant growing 2to 3 feet, spread 1.5 to 2 feet
It is hardy to zone 8 and is not frost tender. It is in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen in September. Colour of the flower is blue. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees. The plant is self-fertile. It is noted for attracting wildlife.
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Highly attractive to butterflies, bees & birds, this licorice-scented flowering herb is lovely, too! Intense, violet to blue flowering clusters are held in dense, short spikes on multi-branching stems, 3’ to 4’ tall. Excellent in mid-to-back border or garden bed, it blooms in mid-Summer above scented, crinkled & toothed foliage. “Korean Mint” is native to China, Japan & Korea and prefers moderately fertile, well-drained soil. Makes a nice, scented, cut flower fresh or dried. Long used medicinally. Feed once in awhile.

The plant prefers light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and requires well-drained soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It requires dry or moist soil.

Cultivation :
Prefers a sunny sheltered position and a well-drained soil. This species is not hardy in the colder areas of the country, it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c. The flowers are very attractive to bees.

Propagation:-
Seed – sow spring in a greenhouse and only just cover the seed. The seed usually germinates in 1 – 3 months at 13°c. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first year. Plant out in late spring or early summer. Division in spring. Fairly simple, if large divisions are used it is possible to plant them straight out into their permanent positions. Basal cuttings of young shoots in spring. Harvest the young shoots when they are about 10 – 15cm tall and pot them up in a lightly shaded position in a greenhouse. They should root within 3 weeks and can be planted out in the summer or following spring.

Chemical constituents:-
Chemical compounds found in the plant include:

*Estragole, Plant
*P-Anisaldehyde, Plant
*P-Methoxy-cinnamaldehyde, Shoot
*Pachypodol, Leaf

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The plant has antibacterial, antifungal, antipyretic, aromatic, anticancer, carminative, diaphoretic, febrifuge, refrigerant, and stomachic properties, among others

Edible Uses:-
Edible Parts: Leaves; Seed.
Edible Uses: Condiment; Tea.

Young leaves – raw or cooked. A strong anise-like fragrance, they are normally used as a flavouring or as an addition to the salad bowl. We find them a bit coarse and too strong for use as a salad. The leaves can be used as a tea substitute. A pleasant flavour. The seed is possibly edible. No further details. The seed certainly should not be poisonous, but it is very small and its use would be very fiddly.

Medicinal Actions & Uses
Antibacterial; Antifungal; Antipyretic; Aromatic; Cancer; Carminative; Diaphoretic; Febrifuge; Refrigerant; Stomachic.

Korean mint is commonly used in Chinese herbalism, where it is considered to be one of the 50 fundamental herbs. Considered to be a “warming” herb, it is used in situations where there is “dampness” within the digestive system, resulting in poor digestion and reduced vitality. The leaves and stems are antibacterial, antifungal, aromatic, carminative, diaphoretic, febrifuge and stomachic. They are used internally to improve the appetite and strengthen the digestive system, they relieve symptoms such as abdominal bloating, indigestion, nausea and vomiting. They are also used to treat morning sickness. The leaves are also used in the treatment of chest congestion, diarrhoea and headaches. An infusion of the leaves is used in the treatment of angina pains. The plant is used as a folk remedy for cancer, extracts of the plant have shown anticancer activity.

Disclaimer:The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://www.pfaf.org/database/plants.php?Agastache+rugosa
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agastache_rugosa
http://www.mobot.org/gardeninghelp/plantfinder/Plant.asp?code=B218
http://www.anniesannuals.com/signs/a/Agastache_rugosa_KM.htm

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3 thoughts on “Korean Mint”

  1. I was given a start of a korean herb that has white runners underground, white flowers that look like thAmerican Queen Anne's Lace stand about 1 1/2 feet tall. The stem is thin and straight ( about 4-5inches tall) from which 3 petiol come out at the top of the stem with 1 leaf per petiol. The leaves have serrated edges and look like mittens. Do you happen to know what the English name of this herb is or where I might learn its identity?
    Cordially,
    Juli Griffith

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