Club Moss (Lycopodium clavatum)

Botanical Name :Lycopodium clavatum
Family: Lycopodiaceae
Genus: Lycopodium
Synonyms: Stag’s-horn Clubmoss (English), Clubmoss
Common Names: Club Moss , Wolf’s Claw,wolf’s-foot clubmoss, stag’s-horn clubmoss or groundpine
Other common Names : Common clubmoss, Stagshorn clubmoss, Wolfpaw clubmoss, Foxtail clubmoss, Running clubmoss, Running ground-pine, Running pine[1], Running moss, Princess Pine, and others.
Deutsch: Keulen-Bärlapp, Kolben-Bärlapp · English: Ground pine, Stagshorn Clubmoos · Français : Jalousie · Italiano: Erba strega · Nederlands: Groote Wolfsklauw ·  · Slovenš?ina: kijasti lisi?jak

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Lycopodiophyta
Class: Lycopodiopsida
Order: Lycopodiales
Species: L. clavatum
Parts Used: spores alkaloids including lycopodine,clavatine, clavatoxine,

Habitat :Native; heaths, moors, mountains, mostly in grassy places; formerly throughout Britain and Ireland, now absent from much of lowlands.

It has a subcosmopolitan distribution, with distinct subspecies and varieties in different parts of its range:

Lycopodium clavatum subsp. clavatum
Lycopodium clavatum subsp. clavatum var. clavatum (Europe, Asia, North America)
Lycopodium clavatum subsp. clavatum var. aristatum (Mexico, Caribbean, Central America, northern South America south to northern Argentina)
Lycopodium clavatum subsp. clavatum var. asiaticum (Japan, northeast China)
Lycopodium clavatum subsp. clavatum var. borbonicum (central and southern Africa)
Lycopodium clavatum subsp. clavatum var. kiboanum (mountains of tropical Africa)
Lycopodium clavatum subsp. contiguum (southern Central America, northern South America; syn. Lycopodium contiguum)
Although globally widespread, like many clubmosses, it is confined to undisturbed sites, disappearing from farmed areas and sites with regular burning. As a result, it is endangered in many areas. In the UK it is one of 101 species named as a high priority for conservation by the wild plant charity Plantlife.

Description:
It is a spore-bearing vascular plant, growing mainly prostrate along the ground with stems up to 1 m long; the stems are much branched, and densely clothed with small spirally-arranged leaves. The leaves are 3-5 mm long and 0.7-1 mm broad, tapered to a fine hair-like white point. The branches bearing spore cones turn erect, reaching 5-15 cm above ground, and have fewer leaves than the horizontal branches. The spore cones are yellow-green, 2-3 cm long and 5 mm broad. The horizontal stems produce roots at frequent intervals along their length, allowing the stem to grow indefinitely along the ground. The stems superficially resemble small seedlings of coniferous trees, though it is not related to these.

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Constituents: alkaloids including lycopodine,clavatine, clavatoxine, nicotine, polyphenolic acids including dihydrocaffeic,flavonoids including apigenin, triterpenes.

Medicinal Uses:
Traditionally, herbal healers employed the entire plant to relieve muscle cramping,as a diuretic in kidney and liver complaints, and may have analgesic and antiseptic properties. Nowadays, the only part of the plant used medicinally is the powdered spores by which it reproduces. It promotes healing in wounds, stops bleeding and helps drain tissues of excess fluids. The leaves and stems contain two poisons, lycopodine and clavadine, but the spores are completely non-toxic. Club moss is widely used in homeopathic medicine to treat a wide variety of ailments, but its effectiveness is not established by research. Mountain Rose Herbs (2008-06-09)

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Traditional Chinese Medicine
An ingredient in the Traditional Chinese Medicine remedy Qian Ceng Ta, club moss has been used for centuries to treat fever and inflammation. More recently Qian Ceng Ta was found to contain a substance called huperzine a (HupA.) Hupezine A appears to shield brain cells from injury and it may be useful in treating strokes and epilepsy.

Many adults today wish to have better mental focus, alertness and concentration. We all suffer from memory lapses, lack of concentration and inability to focus. ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) is a group of symptoms that can also cause mood swings, impulsiveness, behavioral and other social problems in both children and adults.

More than becoming more and more forgetful as we get older, Alzheimer’s disease leads to changes is behavior, personality and other abilities. Although Club Moss is used primarily to treat the early symptoms of Alzheimer’s, many people are taking it to improve memory and enhance mental alertness.
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LYCOPODIUM CLAVATUM in Homeopathy medicine:

: Homeopathic Remedy

Side Effects:
Not to be used while pregnant. Not for long term use. Safe in recommended amounts.

How to Use: Club Moss
Preparation Methods :Dried spores as a powder. Most commonly found in extract and capsule form, but is suitable as a tea. Typical dosage: 50 to 100 micrograms in capsules daily.

Disclaimer:The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://www.anniesremedy.com/herb_detail305.php
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lycopodium_clavatum
http://nlbif.eti.uva.nl/bis/flora.php?menuentry=soorten&id=1447

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