Jiaogulan(Gynostemma pentaphyllum)

Botanical Name :Gynostemma pentaphyllum
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Subfamily: Zanonioideae
Genus: Gynostemma
Subtribe: Gomphogyninae
Species
: G. pentaphyllum
Kingdom: Plantae
Division
: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Cucurbitales
Common Names :   Jiaogulan , Jiao Gu Lan, Amachazuru, Herb of Immortality, sweet tea vine

Other Common Names:

*5-leaf ginseng
*poor-man’s ginseng
*southern ginseng
*miracle grass
*fairy herb
*gospel herb

Alternate names
Western languages such as English and German commonly refer to the plant as jiaogulan. Other names include:

*Chinese: xiancao ( literally “immortal grass”; more accurately “herb of immortality”)
*English: five-leaf ginseng, poor man’s ginseng, miracle grass, fairy herb, sweet tea vine, gospel herb, Southern Ginseng
*Japanese: amachazuru (kanji: ; hiragana; literally amai=sweet, tasty * cha=tea,  zuru=vine, creeping plant)
*Korean language: dungkulcha or dolwe
*Latin: Gynostemma pentaphyllum or Vitis pentaphyllum
*Taiwanese: sencauw
*Thai: jiaogulan
*Portuguese: cipó-doce
*Jiaogulan tea is also marketed in the United States under the trade names Panta tea or Penta tea, depending on the supplier.

Habitat :It is a indigenous to the southern reaches of China, southern Korea and Japan. Jiaogulan is best known as an herbal medicine reputed to have powerful antioxidant and adaptogenic effects that increase longevity.1,000 to 10,000ft (300 to 3,000m) elevation in shady mountain and/or plain regions of China, India, Japan, Korea, Laos, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, Sri Lanka.

Description;
Jiaogulan is a vine hardy to USDA zone 8 in which it may grow as a short lived perennial plant. It can be grown as an annual in most temperate climates, in well-drained soil with full sun. The plant is dioecious, meaning each plant exists either as male or female. Thus, if seeds are desired, both a male and female plant must be grown. Unlike most plants of the Cucurbitaceae family, jiaogulan does not show toxicity……CLICK  &  SEE  THE PICTURES

 

Medicinal Uses:
The plant is best known for its use as an herbal medicine in traditional Chinese medicine. A botany book by Wu Qi-Jun from 1848 Zhi Wu Ming Shi Tu Kao Chang Bian discusses a few medicinal uses and seems to be the earliest known documentation of the herb. Jiaogulan had been cited previously as a survival food in Zu Xio’s 1406 book Materia Medica for Famine. Until recently it was a locally known herb used primarily in regions of southern China. It is described by the local inhabitants as the “immortality herb”, because people within Guizhou Province, where jiaogulan tea is drunk regularly, are said have a history of living to a very old age.

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Jiaogulan is most often consumed as an herbal tea, and is also available as an alcohol extract and in capsule or pill form. It is known as an adaptogen and antioxidant that has been found effective in regulating blood pressure, lowering cholesterol, and improving endurance. Because of its adaptogenic effects, it is frequently referred to as “Southern Ginseng,” although it is not closely related to true Panax ginseng. Its chemical constituents include the triterpenoid saponins gypenosides which are closely structurally related to the ginsenosides from the well-known medicinal plant ginseng. Jiaogulan is also believed to have calming effects and to be useful in combination with codonopsis for jet lag and altitude sickness. Most research has been done since the 1960s when the Chinese realized that it might be an inexpensive source of adaptogenic compounds, taking pressure off of the ginseng stock.

Research (mostly from China and Japan), has confirmed some of the therapeutic qualities of jiaogulan tea. Jiaogulan (Jiao Gu Lan)is an adaptgen and antioxidant with properties similar to that of ginseng. The herb tea is valued for it’s antioxidant protection, cardiovascular benefits.

Common Uses: Cancer Prevention * Cholesterol Control * General Health Tonics * Heart Tonics/Cordials * Hypertension HBP * Immune System * Stress * Varicose veins *

According to Michael Blumert, author Jiaogulan: China’s “Immortality Herb”

The benefits of drinking Jiaogulan tea include improved cholesterol levels, enhanced strength and physical endurance, a strong the immune system, and Jiaogulan has shown tumor inhibiting properties.

You may click to see Herbal Power of Jiaogulan

Disclaimer:The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://www.aumtea.com/botanical-name-listing.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jiaogulan
http://www.anniesremedy.com/herb_detail428.php

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