Salad Burnet(Sanguisorba minor)

Botanical Name :Sanguisorba minor
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Sanguisorba
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class:
Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Species: S. minor

Syn. Poterium Sanguisorba
Common Names : Salad Burnet , Lesser Burnet, Garden burnet, Small burnet, burnet
Parts Used: Leaves

Habitat :Small burnet is native to Europe, western Asia and Siberia, and northern Africa . It is nonnative in North America, South America, Australia, and New Zealand. Most North American small burnet populations originated in Europe . A few small burnet accessions came from the Middle East . Small burnet was deliberately introduced as a pasture and rehabilitation forb. It is very rarely invasive , typically occurring in small populations in only a few counties of the states in which it grows. In western North America, small burnet occurs sporadically from British Columbia east to Montana and south to California, New Mexico, and Nebraska . It is also sporadically distributed to the east  from Ontario east to Nova Scotia and south to Tennessee and North Carolina .


Description:

Small burnet is a perennial  herb. Stems are erect, ranging from 0.8 inch (2 cm) in height on droughty sites to 28 inches (70 cm) on moist sites . There are 12 to 17 pinnately compound basal leaves that are 2 to 8 inches (4-20 cm) long, egg-shaped, and sharply toothed. Cauline leaves become few and much reduced up the stem. The inflorescence is a terminal spike with dense, mostly imperfect, sessile flowers. Lower flowers are often staminate, with upper flowers pistillate or perfect. Flowers have 4 broad, petal-like sepals; true petals are lacking. The fruits are achenes, paired in a persistent, usually winged, 3- to 5-mm-long hypanthium. Hypanthia are sometimes wingless . The seeds are small, with about 50,000 seeds/lb. The stem base ends in a usually branched caudex, with a long, stout taproot beneath . Roots of plants in southern England were estimated at more than 16 inches (40 cm) in length, while small burnet roots in New Zealand were traced to 3-foot (1 m) depths . Small burnet sometimes has short rhizomes .

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Small burnet is drought tolerant. Drought resistance is partially attributable to its long, stout taproots, which have high water-storing capacity. Small burnet can also adjust its water-use efficiency as environmental conditions change

Culinary Uses:
It is used as an ingredient in both salads and dressings, having a flavor described as “light cucumber” and is considered interchangeable with mint leaves in some recipes, depending on the intended effect. Typically, the youngest leaves are used, as they tend to become bitter as they age.

Salad burnet is an interesting pot herb to add to salads, the young and tender leaves have a cucumber like taste. Combine burnet with basil and oregano in a herbal vinaigrette for salad dressing.

Constituents:
Figures in grams (g) or miligrams (mg) per 100g of food.
Leaves (Dry weight)

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*0 Calories per 100g
*Water : 0%
*Protein: 11.1g; Fat: 2g; Carbohydrate: 80.4g; Fibre: 18g; Ash: 6.5g;
*Minerals – Calcium: 0mg; Phosphorus: 0mg; Iron: 0mg; Magnesium: 0mg; Sodium: 0mg; Potassium: 0mg; Zinc: 0mg;
*Vitamins – A: 0mg; Thiamine (B1): 0mg; Riboflavin (B2): 0mg; Niacin: 0mg; B6: 0mg; C: 0mg

Medicinal Uses:
Common Uses: Abrasions/Cuts *
Properties:  Astringent* Cardic tonic Cordial* Styptic* Diaphoretic*

Both the root and the leaves are astringent, diaphoretic and styptic, though the root is most active. The plant is an effective wound herb, quickly staunching any bleeding. An infusion is used in the treatment of gout and rheumatism. The leaves can be used fresh, or are harvested in July and dried (the plant should be prevented from flowering). The root is harvested in the autumn and dried. An infusion of the leaves is used as a soothing treatment for sunburn or skin troubles such as eczema.

Salad burnet has the same medicinal qualities as medicinal burnet (Sanguisorba officinalis). It was used as a tea to relieve diarrhea in the past.

Salad burnet , while not considered on of the major additions to the herbal pharmacopoeia, is still a decorative and endearing herb.The plant name, Sanguisorba, derived from the Latin, gives clue to its ability to staunch blood from wounds, and is closely related to the alchemilla genus which are used in the same manner. The plant is healing, tonic, styptic and cooling, having much the same medicinal qualities as the less tasty medicinal burnet (Sanguisorba officinalis). Like borage, burnet wasbest known for its ability to “lighten the heart” and was most often served in wine.

Other Uses: Plants have extensive root systems and are used for erosion control, they are also used to reclaim landfills and mined-out terrain

Disclaimer:The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://www.anniesremedy.com/herb_detail114.php
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sanguisorba_minor
http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/forb/sanmin/all.html

http://www.pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?LatinName=Sanguisorba+minor

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