Flueggea suffruticosa

Botanical Name :Flueggea suffruticosa
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamily: Phyllanthoideae
Tribe: Phyllantheae.
Genus: Flueggea
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Malpighiales
Species: F. suffruticosa
Synonyms : S. ramiflora. Pharnaceum suffruticosa. Xylophylla ramiflora.
Common Name :yi ye qiu (chinese)

Habitat
:E. Asia – Japan. Thickets and grassy slopes in Central and South Japan

Description  : Flueggea suffruticosa is a decidious Shrub growing to 1.5 m (5ft). It is in flower from Aug to September, and the seeds ripen from Sep to October. The flowers are dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required)The plant is not self-fertile.

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It has light green leaves and an attractive upright, arching growth habit. Flowers appear in mid to late summer and are a greenish white, followed by green fruit capsules, neither of which are very showy. It prefers well drained soils and full sun. F. suffruticosa adds a graceful touch in borders, parks, or residential landscapes. . Mature height about 6-8 feet. Zones 4-7.

The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils.The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils..It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.It requires moist soil.

Cultivation :

Succeeds in any rich loamy soil in a sunny position. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.


Propagation :

Seed – we have no information for this species but would suggest sowing the seed as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. It should germinate freely in spring[K]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in sand in a frame

Edible Uses :
Edible Parts: Fruit;  Leaves.


Medicinal Uses:

This plant is commonly used in Chinese herbalism, where it is considered to be one of the 50 fundamental herbs. It is used in the treatment of contusions and nervous paralysis. The plant contains securinine, this acts as a stimulant on the central nervous system – it is particularly useful in the treatment of facial paralysis and is also thought to be of value in the treatment of multiple sclerosis.

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://www.rarefindnursery.com/index.cfm/action/productdetail/product_id/3671.htm
http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Securinega+suffruticosa
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flueggea_suffruticosa
http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?405540

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