Murrya exotica (Kaminy)

Botanical Name : Murrya exotica/Murraya paniculata
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Murraya
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Sapindales
Species:
M. paniculata

Synonyms and Common & Local Names:
Taxonomical synonyms for M. paniculata are:
Chalcas exotica (L.) Millsp, Chalcas paniculata L. (basionym),Murraya exotica L.

Common names:Orange Jessamine, Chinese box, “mock orange”, Mock lime, Satinwood , or Lakeview Jasmine (mainly in Florida)
Burmese: jyzana (from Pali yojana)
Bengali: Kamini
Hindi: Kamini
Kannada: Kadu karibevu
Malay: Kemuning
Manipuri: Kamini kusum
Marathi: Kunti
Mandarin Chinese:(Pinyin: yué jú “moon tangerine”)
Tagalog: Kamuning
Telugu: Nagagolungu
Tamil: Kattu Kariyilai or Vengarai
Vietnamese: Nguyet que.

Habitat :M. paniculata is a native of South and Southeast Asia, China and Australasia. It is naturalised in southern USA.
Grows in China, India, Sri Lanka, the AndamanIslands, Myanmar, Thailand, Kampuchea, Viet Nam, Malaysia, northeastern Australia, NewCaledonia, and Taiwan (Parrotta 2001). Inaddition, the shrub has been planted throughout the Tropics and has naturalized in many locations including Puerto Rico (author’s observation).

Description:
Orange Jessamine is a small, tropical, evergreen tree or shrub growing up to 7 m tall. The plant flowers throughout the year. Its leaves are glabrous and glossy, occurring in 3-7 oddly pinnate leaflets which are elliptic to cuneate-obovate to rhombic. Flowers are terminal, corymbose, few-flowered, dense and fragrant. Petals are 12–18 mm long, recurved and white (or fading cream). The fruit of Murraya paniculata is fleshy, oblong-ovoid, coloured red to orange, and grows up to 1 inch in length.

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Kamini is a large, multi-trunked shrub, but can grow to become a small tree. It can be pruned and also grown as garden hedge! The evergreen leaflets are dark green and pinnately compound with three to nine leaflets arranged alternately along the spine. The dark green leaves make a dramatic backdrop for the highly fragrant cream colored flowers. The shrub blooms most of the year. The flowers are followed by small oval red fruits with one or two seeds.

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Cultivation:
Follow a regular watering schedule during the first growing season to establish a deep, extensive root system. Feed with a general purpose fertilizer before new growth begins in spring. For a tidy, neat appearance, shear annually to shape. Pruning time: winter.

Propagation:
The Orange Jessamine is sexually propagated by its seeds. The fruits are eaten by birds, who then pass the seeds out in their stool. It may also be artificially propagated by softwood cuttings.

Medicinal Uses
Traditionally, Murraya paniculata is used both in traditional medicine as an analgesic and for wood (for tool handles).

In the West, Murraya paniculata is cultured as an ornamental tree or hedge because of its hardiness, wide range of soil tolerance (M. paniculata may grow in alkaline, clayey, sandy, acidic and loamy soils), and is suitable for larger hedges. The plant flowers throughout the years and produces small, fragrant flower clusters which attract bees, while the fruits attract small frugivorous birds.

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murraya_paniculata
http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Kamini.html

http://www.monrovia.com/plant-catalog/plants/1867/orange-jessamine.php

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