Alangium salvifolium

Botanical name : Alangium salvifolium Wang.

Family : Alangiaceae

SANSKRIT SYNONYMS :Ankolah, Kolakah, Rechi, Deerghakeelakah

PLANT NAME IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES:
Sanskrit Name : Ankota, Ankola, Dirghakila, Nikochaka
English :     Sage-leaved alangium
Hindi :     Angol,Dhera,
Malayalam    : Ankolam,Velithondi

Habitat :Medium sized tree with edible fleshy fruits. Fragrant while flowers. Grows in throughout dry parts of India.

Description:
A small, thorny deciduous tree/ shrub which grows   up to a height of 5-10 meters. Bark yellowish, leaves alternate, elliptical and usually unequal at the base; flowers-yellowish white, fragrant, in axillary fascicles,fruits 1-2 seeded,1cm in length,1-2 seeded berries crowned by the calyx lobes.

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1. Tree

2.Leaf

3.Branch

 

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Edible Uses:Fleshy fruits are eaten.

Medicinal Uses:
Useful part :    Seeds, Leaves, Root

AYURVEDIC PROPERTIES:-
Rasa    : Kashaya, Katu, Tikta,
Guna   : Lakhu, Snigda, Teekshna, Sara
Virya   : Ushna
Plant pacifies vitiated pitta. It is anti-hypertensive, antidote for several poisons especially for rabies. Roots are useful for external application in case of rheumatism and inflammation. Fruits are used in treatment of hemorrhages.

Used in the treatment of Urinary calculi,sinus and wounds.

Useful in conditions like poison, skin diseases, leprosy, inflammations, external and internal applica
tion in dog and rat bites.

Root-External application in rheumatism, leprosy and inflammation.Internal use in dog and rat bites
Fruits-Burning sensation, piles .Fruits of Ankola are sweet in taste, cool and purgative in action.

Therapeutic uses:-
•In Ayurveda, root bark is widely used as an antidote to all major poisons
•Ayurveda recommends root bark rubbed with rice water and mixed with honey for acute diarrhoea
•In Ayurveda, root bark rubbed with turmeric and applied externally in leprosy, syphilitic and other skin diseases. This formulation is a widely accepted one in Ayurveda
•Root infusion of Ankola is given internally in dog and rat bites. The same is also good for worms,colic pains, inflammations and poisonous bites including snake bites
•Oil extracted from the root is recommended for acute joint pain.

Pharmacognostic studies on Alangium salvifolium (linn.f.) wang. root bark:-
Root bark of Alangium salvifolium (Linn.f.) Wang. (Family Alangiaceae) is a reputed drug mentioned in the ancient books of Ayurveda and Siddha for the treatment of epilepsy, jaundice, hepatitis etc. Root bark of the plant was subjected to macro-microscopic, photomicrographic, physico-chemical, fluorescence, preliminary phytochemical, TLC and HPTLC to fix quality standards for this drug. Microscopic studies have shown stratified phellem, rhytidome, cluster crystals of calcium oxalate and uni- to triseriate medullary rays in the root bark. Chloroform, ethyl acetate, ethanol extracts and alkaloid fraction revealed characteristic chromatographic patterns with presence of alkaloids in varying concentrations. This study would be useful in the identification and authentication of the raw drug.

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:

http://ayurvedicmedicinalplants.com/plants/1272.html

http://www.divinewellness.com/ayurveda-Article/202/alangium-salvifolium.htm

http://parisaramahiti.kar.nic.in/Medicinal_plants_new/med%20plants/p8.html

http://toptropicals.com/cgi-bin/garden_catalog/cat.cgi?family=Alangiaceae

http://www.phcogj.com/content/pharmacognostic-studies-alangium-salvifolium-linnf-wang-root-bark

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