Barleria cristata Linn

Botanical Name : Barleria cristata Linn”
Family   : Acanthaceae
Genus:
Barleria
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Lamiales

Synonims : Barleria ciliata Roxb. Barreliera cristata Blanco
Common Names:  Raktapushpa, Sweta saireyaka, Jhinti,  Violeta (Span.) ,  Kolintang-violeta (Tag.)bluebell barleria, crested Philippine violet, crested purple-nail dye • Hindi: tadrelu • Kannada: jhinte, kuruvaka • Malayalam: karimkurunni • Marathi:  gokarn,  koranti,  nilakoranta • Sanskrit:  kurantaka • Tamil:  uta mulli,  vellai-nilamparam • Telugu: gobbi,  kodi kannu, niru goranta,  pedda gorinta.


Habitat
: Grows in S. China, Nepal, Burma, Indo-China, Philippines, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan.


Description :

Erect, unarmed, branched shrub, 1 to 3 meters high. The branches are sparingly hairy. Leaves are oblong to elliptic 1-2 cm long, hairy petiole; lamina elliptic-oblong to lanceolate, 3-12.5 cm x 1-3.5 cm, hairy both surfaces, attenuate at the base, entire, apically acute-acuminate. Flowers purple blue or pink or white, 4.5-5 cm long, in short, 1-5-flowered, axillary or terminal spikes; bracts absent or lanceolate, 8-12 mm long, bristly on margins, scabrous, acute; bracteoles absent. Calyx deeply 4-cleft, outer 2 lobes much larger than the inner pair, ovate-lanceolate, 1.5-2.5 cm x 6-8 (-10) mm, acuminate, bristly toothed on margins, hairy or glabrescent, inner 2-lobes linear, 7-8 mm long, pointed. Corolla glandular-pubescent outside, tube 3.5-4 cm long, infundibuliform, limb with oblong-obovate, up to 2 cm long, unequal lobes. Filaments hairy, anthers oblong, c. 3 mm long. Ovary oblong-conical, mm long; style c. 4 cm long. Capsule ellipsoid, 1.5-2 cm long, glabrous, pointed at the base and apex, 4-seeded. Seeds orbicular, c. 4 mm across, appressed hairy. Flowering period is November to February.

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Medicinal Uses:
Parts Uses :
Roots, leaves & seeds.

Folkloric

*Seeds used as antidote for snake bites.
*Roots and leaves used to reduce swellings.
*Infusion of roots and leaves used for coughs.
*Elsewhere, used for toothaches, anemia and inflammatory disorders.

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:Antiinflammatory activity of aqueous extract of Barleria cristata leaves

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Other Uses :
Widely cultivated ornamental hedge plant.

Studies:-
Anti-Inflammatory: (1) Methanol extract of leaves of Barleria cristata was evaluated for anti-inflammatory activity. The effect was compared to the activity of indomethacin and cyproheptadine as reference standard. Results revealed BC possesses significant anti-inflammatory activity.

(2) Study of aqueous extract of BC leaves exhibited anti-inflammatory activity with significant dose-dependent inhibition of carrageenan-induced paw edema, prostaglandin activity, vascular permeability.

Phytochemicals / Antioxidant Activity: Phytochemical screening yielded alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, saponins, phenols and tannins in the ethanol and aqueous extracts of BC. The 50 % ethanol extract of leaves showed significant antioxidant activity probably from the occurrence of secondary metabolities.

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.


Resources:

http://www.stuartxchange.org/KolintangVioleta.html
http://vaniindia.org.whbus12.onlyfordemo.com/herbal/plantdir.asp
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barleria
http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=200021992

Mekavanna-k-kurinci (Tamil: ?????????????????)

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