Buchanania lanzan Spreng

Botanical Name :Buchanania lanzan Spreng
Family: Anacardiaceae (Cashew family)
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Sapindales
Genus: Buchanania
Species: Buchanania lanzan

Synonyms: Buchanania latifolia, Chironjia sapida
Common name: Chironji Tree, almondette, calumpong nut, Cheronjee, Cuddapah almond, Hamilton mombin • Hindi:  char,  chironji,  chiraunji, piyal,  pra-savak,  priyal • Marathi: char, charoli, piyal • Tamil: charam • Malayalam:  muungaappeezh, nuramaram • Telugu: char,  charumamidi,  priyaluvu,  raj-adanamu • Kannada:  charoli,  kole maavu • Bengali: chironji, piyal, sarop • Oriya: charu, chanhra • Konkani:  char • Urdu: chironji • Assamese:  piyal • Gujarati: charoli • Sanskrit:  akhatth,  muni,  piyala, prasavakh, priyala, rajanadanha,  upavatth • Nepali:  chiraunjee

Habitat :Buchanania lanzan, which is cultivated across India, primarily in the northwest.

Description:
Buchanania lanzan Spreng or Chironji Tree is a medium-sized deciduous tree, growing to about 50 ft tall. It bears fruits each cotaining a single seed, which is popular as an edible nut, known as chironji. It is common in our forests mostly in eroded ravine lands. It avoids waterlogged areas, but occurs locally in clay soils. It can be identified by the dark grey crocodile bark with red blaze. A good species for afforesting bare hill slopes. It has tickly leathery leaves which are broadly oblong, with blunt tip and rounded base. Leaves have 10-20 pairs of straight, parallel veins. Pyramidal panicles of greenish while flowers appear in early spring. Fruits ripen from April to May and remain on the tree for quite a long time. Flowering: January-March.

You may click to see the pictures

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Medicinal uses: The roots are acrid, astringent, cooling, depurative and constipating, and are useful in treatment of diarrhoea. Leaves are used in the treatment of skin diseases. Fruits are used in treating cough and asthma.

Edible uses:After the hard shell is cracked, the stubby seed within is as soft as a pine nut. Seeds of Buchanania lanzan used as a cooking spice primarily in India.
Used in different Indian sweet preparations. However, they are also ground into powders for thickening savory sauces and flavoring batters, and stewed into rich, meaty kormas.

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Click to see : TEMPTATION; Charoli Nuts Flavor the Dishes, and Memories, of Indian Chefs :

Jaipur Mewe Ka Pulao :->

Medicinal uses: The roots are acrid, astringent, cooling, depurative and constipating, and are useful in treatment of diarrhoea. Leaves are used in the treatment of skin diseases. Fruits are used in treating cough and asthma.

Buchanania lanzan seeds are used in the Ayurveda and Unani system of medicine.

Click to see:
Anti-inflammatory and Antioxidant Activities of Methanolic extract of
Buchanania Lanzan :

Multiple shoot formation and plant regeneration of a
commercially-useful tropical plant, Buchanania lanzan (Spreng) :

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charoli
http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Chironji%20Tree.html
http://grade.kk.ac.th/picture/2553/botanical/gallery/009%E0%B8%A1%E0%B8%B0%E0%B8%A1%E0%B9%88%E0%B8%A7%E0%B8%87%E0%B8%AB%E0%B8%B1%E0%B8%A7%E0%B9%81%E0%B8%A1%E0%B8%87%E0%B8%A7%E0%B8%B1%E0%B8%99/009/index.html

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