Callicarpa macrophylla

Botanical Name : Callicarpa macrophyllaVahl.
Family: Verbenaceae
Genus: Callicarpa
Species: C. macrophylla
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Lamiales

Sanskrit Names :Priyangu, Phalini, Kantha, Lata, Mahila, Cundra, Gandhaphala, Syama, Viswaksena, Kanthapriya, Angana priya.
Hindi Names :Phul priyangu, Gandha Priyangu, Budighasi, Daia, Dahiya

Habitat : E. Asia – Himalayas., grows in Bengal, Assam and sub-Himalayan tracts up to 1800 m. Swampy localities and ravines. Waste places and roadsides to 1800 metres. Mixed forests at elevations of 100- 2000 metres in China.

Description:
A deciduous erect Shrub growing to 2.5 m (8ft 2in)high with opposite simple leaves with white tomentose beneath, rose flowers, crowded in axillary peduncled globose cymes, fruits white drupes.
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It is hardy to zone 9. It is in flower from Jun to October, and the seeds ripen from Aug to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)

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The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and requires well-drained soil.The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils..It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.It requires moist soil.

Cultivation:
Requires a sunny position or light dappled shade. Prefers a highly fertile well-drained loamy soil. This species is only likely to be hardy in the very mildest parts of Britain, requiring a warm sunny corner. Requires cross-pollination for good fruit production. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus.

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Propagation
Seed – sow February in a greenhouse. Only just cover the seed. Germination usually takes place within 1 – 3 months at 18°c. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter, planting them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood 10cm long, July/August in a frame. High percentage. Cuttings of mature wood of the current season’s growth with a heel taken in early spring.

Edible Uses :-
Fruit – raw. The white spongy fruit is sweet and succulent when fully ripe.

Medicinal Uses:
Part Used : Flower bud, seed.
Anti rheumatic;  Aromatic;  PoulticeStomachic.

Used in :Sudorific, wound, ulcers, seed powder in gum bleeding, therapeutic smoking

The leaves are heated and applied as a poultice to ease the pain of rheumatic joints. A decoction of the leaves is used in the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery. A juice made from the leaves mixed with equal portions of Drymaria diandra and Oxalis corniculata is used in the treatment of gastric troubles. The root is chewed to relieve rashes on the tongue. A paste made from the roots is used to treat fevers. The juice of the root is used to treat indigestion. An oil obtained from the roots is aromatic and stomachic. It is assumed that this is an essential oil. The inner bark is pounded and used as a poultice on cuts and wounds. The fruits are chewed to treat boils on the tongue. The juice of ripe fruits is used in the treatment of indigestion and fevers.

Other Uses
Wood – soft. It is used as a fuel.
The leaves can also be use to make a herbal drink or as decorations.

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Callicarpa%20macrophylla
http://iu.ff.cuni.cz/pandanus/database/details.php?id=1411&enc=utf&sort=ka&display=1000&lat=&skt=o&pkt=&hin=&ben=&tam=&mal=&eng=&start=0
http://parisaramahiti.kar.nic.in/Medicinal_plants_new/med%20plants/p28.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Callicarpa_macrophylla

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