Broom snakeroot

Botanical Name : Gutierrezia sarothrae
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Astereae
Genus: Gutierrezia
Species: G. sarothrae
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Asterales

Synonyms:
Gutierrezia sarothrae (Pursh) Britton & Rusby

GUDI3 Gutierrezia diversifolia Greene
GULE Gutierrezia lepidota Greene
GULI2 Gutierrezia linearifolia Lag.
GULI3 Gutierrezia linearis Rydb.
GULI4 Gutierrezia linoides Greene
GULO3 Gutierrezia longipappa S.F. Blake
GUPO2 Gutierrezia pomariensis (S.L. Welsh) S.L. Welsh
GUSAP Gutierrezia sarothrae (Pursh) Britton & Rusby var. pomariensis S.L. Welsh
GUTE3 Gutierrezia tenuis Greene

Common Name :Common snakeweed, Matchweed, broom snakeweed Broom Snakeroot and Perennial matchweed

Habitat : Broom Snakeroot is native to much of the western half of North America, from central Canada to northern Mexico. It can be found in a number of desert, grassland, and mountain habitats.

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Description:
Broom Snakeroot is a species of flowering plant.This is a dense, bushy subshrub reaching maximum heights around a meter. The multibranched stems and twigs are greenish or tan when young and age to woody brown. There are scattered narrow to thready leaves along the branches.

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The plant flowers abundantly in inflorescences of a few flowers each. The flower is about a centimeter long and bright golden yellow with a center of a few long, protruding disc florets and a fringe of ray florets. The plant is toxic to livestock in large quantities, due mainly to the presence of saponins and concentrated selenium.

Medicinal Uses:
Broom snakeroot was used by western Indians in poultices for treating insect bites.  Preparations of the plant have also been used to treat rheumatism and malaria.  A decoction of the roots has been used in the treatment of painful urination, diarrhea and stomach aches. The roots have been placed in boiling water and the steam inhaled in the treatment of respiratory complaints.  The flowers are laxative. A decoction of the fresh flowers has been used in the treatment of diarrhea.  The leaves are cathartic, febrifuge and sedative. An infusion has been used in the treatment of coughs and colds. It has also been used as a bath to treat fevers and sores, including those caused by venereal diseases. A poultice of the moistened leaves has been used to treat bruises, wounds, sprains, nose bleeds and insect stings. A strong, black infusion of the plant has been used as a rub on rheumatic joints.  An infusion of the leaves has been used as a pleasant and refreshing bath for arthritis. To reduce uterine swelling after childbirth, a little of the tea is taken as a beverage, and a cloth moistened with the tea is applied as a poultice.  This treatment is repeated frequently, accompanied by massage of the abdomen.  A weak tea is used as a douche or sitz bath to treat vaginitis

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gutierrezia_sarothrae
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=GUSA2
http://www.herbnet.com/Herb%20Uses_AB.htm
http://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/taxa/index.php?taxon=3746

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