Monthly Archives: September 2011

Triumfetta semitriloba

 

Botanical Name:Triumfetta semitriloba
Family : Tiliaceae – Linden family
Genus : Triumfetta L. – burbark
Species: Triumfetta semitriloba Jacq.Sacramento burbark
Kingdom : Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom : Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division:Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass: Dilleniidae
Order: Malvales

Common Names :Mozote
Chamorro: dadangsi, masiksik lahe

Chinese: fei dao ci shuo ma

English: black bush, burweed, Sacramento bur, Sacromento burbark, triumfetta

French: cousin-petit, mahot-cousinrouge, petit mahot-cousin, tête à nègre

Spanish: cadillo de perro, pegadillo

Habitat : Native to  Tropical America, but now a pan-tropical weed.

Description:
Triumfetta semitriloba is a Perennial herbs or subshrubs to ca 5-20 dm tall; stems erect, younger ones densely stellate pubescent, glabrate with age.  Leaves variable in shape, usually broadly ovate to lanceolate, 4-20 cm long, 3.5-8 cm wide, usually slightly 3-lobed, 3-nerved from base, stellate pubescent, more densely so on lower surface, margins irregularly serrate-dentate, apex acuminate, base very broadly cuneate to truncate, rarely subcordate, petioles 1.5-6 cm long.  Sepals linear, 4-7 mm long, apex with a filiform subapical appendage; petals yellow, narrowly oblanceolate, 3.5-6.5 mm long; stamens 15-20.  Capsules globose, indehiscent, 4-5 mm in diameter, puberulent, glabrate with age, covered with retrorsely setose, hooked bristles”  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1294).

click to see the pictures….>..…(01).…...(1).….…(2)...(3).…...(4)……...(5)..

Medicinal Uses:
The plant is used in Choco cough medicine. For internal parasites, boil a handful of leaves in 3 cups of water for 10 minutes; drink 3 cups of tea daily for 3 days, followed by a purge. Leaves parched over a flame are powdered and applied to sores, infections, wounds, and fungal conditions. Mash leaves into a poultice and rub juice on itching skin condition or rashes

In Costa Rica, mozote is used as a treatment for colds and diarrhea. The aqueous extract in Costa Rican folk medicine as remedy for the treatment of peptic ulcer. Mexicans use a decoction of the root for treating venereal disease, as well as kidney and liver problems, while a more astringent leaf decoction is used in Yucatan to treat hemorrhoids and leucorrhea.

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=TRSE4
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Triumfetta_semitriloba
http://www.hear.org/pier/species/triumfetta_semitriloba.htm

http://www.herbnet.com/Herb%20Uses_LMN.htm

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Mouse-ear Hawkweed(Pilosella officinarum)

Botanical Name : Pilosella officinarum
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Pilosella
Species: P. officinarum
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Asterales

Synonyms: Hieracium pilosella L

Common Names :Mouse-ear Hawkweed
*Catalan: Pelosella
*Danish: Håret Høgeurt
*Czech: Jest?ábník chlupá?ek
*French: Epervière piloselle, Piloselle, Oreille de souris, Piloselle de rat, Herbe à l’épervier, Veluette.
*German: Kleines Habichtskraut
*Finnish: Huopakeltano
*Hungarian: Ezüstös hölgymál
*Dutch: Muizenoor
*Norwegian: Hårsveve
*Polish: Jastrz?biec kosmaczek
*Swedish: Gråfibbla

Habitat : Mouse-ear Hawkweed   is native to  Temperate and subarctic Europe, including Britain, to W. Asia.  It grows on the  upland pastures, meadows, heaths, banks, on walls etc, usually on dry soil. It is also found as a weed of lawns. .

Description:
It produces single, citrus-colored inflorescences. It is an allelopathic plant. Like most hawkweed species, it shows tremendous variation and is a complex of several dozens subspecies and hundreds of varieties and forms.

click to see the pictures…>…..(01)...(1).…...(2).…...(3)..…(4).……..(5).………
It is a hispid (hairy) perennial plant, with a basal rosette of leaves. The whole plant, with the exception of the flower parts, is covered in glandular hairs, usually whitish, sometimes reddish on the stem. The rosette leaves are entire, acute to blunt, and range from 1-12 cm long and 0.5-2 cm broad. Their underside is tomentose (covered with hair). The flowering stem (scape) is generally between 5 cm to 50 cm tall, and sprouts from the centre of the basal rosette. The flowerheads are borne singly on the scape and are a pale lemon-yellow colour, with the outermost ligules having a reddish underside. It flowers from May until August.

The plant favours dry, sunny areas. It grows well on sandy and similarly less fertile ground types. It produces stolons are which generate a new rosette at their extremity, each rosette has the possibility of developing into a new clone forming dense mats in open space. It also propagates by seeds.

Cultivation:
Succeeds in a sunny position in any well-drained soil. Prefers a well-drained to dry poor soil in sun or partial shade. A common lawn plant, it is also a good bee and butterfly plant[108, 200]. It grows well on the top of dry walls. A strongly stoloniferous plant, it can be very invasive.
Propagation:
Seed – sow spring in a cold frame and only just cover the seed. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer. If you have sufficient seed it can be sown outdoors in situ in the spring or autumn. Division in spring or autumn. Very easy, larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.

Constituents: The Mouse-ear Hawkweed contains umbelliferone, a compound similar to coumarin and a known antibiotic against brucellosis, as well as a frequent active compound in sunscreen lotions. The plant is also a potent diuretic.

Medicinal Uses:
Mouse-ear hawkweed relaxes the muscles of the bronchial tubes, stimulates the cough reflex and reduces the production of mucus.  It is used for respiratory problems where there is a lot of mucus being formed, with soreness and possibly even the coughing of blood.  It is considered a specific in cases of whooping cough.  It may also be found beneficial in bronchitis or bronchitic asthma.  The astringency and the diuretic action also help to counter the production of mucus, sometimes throughout the respiratory system.  The herb is used to control heavy menstrual bleeding and to ease the coughing up of blood.  Externally it may be used as a poultice to aid wound-healing or specifically to treat hernias and fractures.  A powder made from it was used to stem nosebleeds.  The tea is an occasional home remedy for fever and diarrhea.

The herb is also taken in the treatment of enteritis, influenza, pyelitis and cystitis. It is occasionally used externally in the treatment of small wounds and cuts.The plant is harvested in May and June whilst in flower and can be used fresh or dried.

 

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hieracium_pilosella
http://www.pbase.com/image/45418756
http://luirig.altervista.org/naturaitaliana/viewpics.php?title=Pilosella+officinarum
http://www.herbnet.com/Herb%20Uses_LMN.htm

http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Pilosella+officinarum

Priva lappulacea

Botanical Name : Priva lappulacea
Family : Verbenaceae – Verbena family
Genus : Priva Adans. – priva
Species : Priva lappulacea (L.) Pers. – catstongue
Kingdom ; Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division : Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: MagnoliopsidaDicotyledons
Subclass: Asteridae
Order : Lamiales

Common Name :Mosote,Common Velvet Burr

Habitat :Grows mainly in Florida and Texas in the U.S. It may be limited in Texas to Cameron County, where it can be found in fields, thickets, resacas and roadsides.

Description:
Herb  (The height of the plant rarely exceeds one meter); leaves opposite, simple, ovate-elliptic, base truncate, margin toothed, apex acute to obtuse; inflorescence an axillary raceme; corolla lavender; fruit a pair of prickly nutlets contained within the persistent calyx; fruiting calyx with hooked hairs that cling readily to clothing.
click to see the piuctures

Medicinal Uses;
The plant is used in Choco cough medicine.  For internal parasites, boil a handful of leaves in 3 cups of water for 10 minutes; drink 3 cups of tea daily for 3 days, followed by a purge.  Leaves parched over a flame are powdered and applied to sores, infections, wounds, and fungal conditions.  Mash leaves into a poultice and rub juice on itching skin condition or rashes.

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://www.herbnet.com/Herb%20Uses_LMN.htm
http://chalk.richmond.edu/flora-kaxil-kiuic/p/priva_lappulacea.html
http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=PRLA2
http://www.riodeltawild.com/janjune2003/Priva%20lappulacea.pdf

http://plantes-rizieres-guyane.cirad.fr/dicotyledones/verbenaceae/priva_lappulacea

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Polygala paucifolia

 

Botanical Name : Polygala paucifolia
Family: Polygalaceae
Genus: Polygala
Species: P. paucifolia
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Fabales

Common Names:Gaywings or Fringed polygala,Milkwort, Fringed

Habitat : Native to USA.Grows in  moderate moisture to moist; forests

Description;
Polygala paucifolia is an  erect, perennial herb growing to 3″-6″ tall, evergreen forb; stems usually solitary; colony-forming rhizomes from small tubers.  Flower are  rose-purple to white, 5-parted, 1/2″-3/4″ wide, about as wide as long, 5 petal-like sepals with the 3 inner ones small and the 2 outer ones very large and wing-like; inflorescence of 1-4 long-stalked flowers in a very short, terminal cluster (raceme); blooms May-June. Leaf is lower scale-like, 3-6 oval to elliptical ones near the top.

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Medicinal Uses:
Its primary purpose is antiseptic, to heal broken skin and infected sores  The milky exudation was also thought to quicken the removal of deposits from the bowels and kidneys. Fringed milkwort possesses similar properties to Milkwort (Polygala vulgaris), and may be employed as a substitute. The root of has a pleasant, spicy flavor, very similar to that of gaultheria. In doses of from 3 to 10 grains, bitter polygala is an excellent bitter tonic; from 10 to 30 grains act upon the bowels, and cause slight diaphoresis. An infusion has been found beneficial as a tonic in debility of the digestive organs. It may be used in all cases where a bitter tonic is indicated

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://wisplants.uwsp.edu/scripts/detail.asp?SpCode=POLPAU
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polygala_paucifolia
http://www.herbnet.com/Herb%20Uses_LMN.htm

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Carya tomentosa

 

Botanical Name ; Carya tomentosa
Family: Juglandaceae
Genus: Carya
Species: C. tomentosa
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Fagales

Synonyms: Hicoria tomentosa, Juglans alba L. p. p., [Kartesz lists this species as C. tomentosa, NRCS calls it C. alba]

Common Names:Mockernut hickory, mockernut, white hickory, whiteheart hickory, hognut, bullnut

Habitat :Carya tomentosa is native to about the eastern 1/2 of the United States. Grows in oak-hickory and oak-pine forests

Description:
Tree to 20 m (60 ft) tall and 50 cm (18 in) diameter, with rounded crown. Bark hard and gray, becoming irregularly furrowed into narrow forking ridges on older trunks and branches. Twigs thick, brown,hairy, with large half-round leaf scars. The single terminal bud is usually very large, and is covered by overlapping gray-hairy scales. Leaves alternate, pinnately compound, 20-50 cm (8-20 in) long, with a hairy rachis. Leaflets 7 or 9, elliptical or lanceolate, 5-20 cm (2-8 in) long, acuminate, finely serrate, shiny dark green above, paler and densely hairy below, usually gland-dotted and aromatic. Flowers catkins appearing in the early Spring. Fruits elliptical or pear-shaped, 4-5 cm (1.6-2 in) long, with a thick husk splitting to release a single large thick-shelled edible seed.


You may click to see the pictures..

Medicinal Uses:
The inner bark has been used as a dressing for cuts and has also been chewed to treat sore mouths.

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://www.biosurvey.ou.edu/shrub/caal27.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carya_tomentosa
http://www.herbnet.com/Herb%20Uses_LMN.htm
http://www.duke.edu/~cwcook/trees/cato.html

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