Anchusa Italica

Botanical Name :Anchusa Italica
Family: Boraginaceae
Genus: Anchusa
Kingdom: Plantae )

Common Names :Italian Bugloss,Large Blue Alkanet,Garden Anchusa

Italian name : Buglossa azzurra
French name: Andryala à feuilles entières
German name: Italienische Ochsenzunge
Spanish name: Carmelita descalza
Portuguese name: Tripa-de-ovelha

Name Derivation:: Anchusa is a Greek word meaning  “face make up paint” since of a particular red die extracted from the roots.  Such a name was already by Aristofanes and Xenofen, (400BC) for the name of the plant (Greek); italica = Italian origine

Habitat : The plant grows as a weed among crops of alfalfa, flax, sesame, wheat, barley, rye, oats, millet, and in pastures and hay. A. italica is distributed throughout the Mediterranean region and in Asia; in the USSR it is found in the southern European part, in the Caucasus, and in Middle Asia.

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Description:
Anchusa Italica  is  a biennial or perennial plant .. The whole plant is thickly covered with bristles. The root is a taproot. The stem is upright and reaches a height of 40–100 cm. The leaves are ovate-lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate; the lower ones are tegular, gathered in a rosette, and the upper ones are sessile. The inflorescence is paniculate, and the flowers are rather large and of a blue and light blue color. The fruit consists of four trihedral nutlets.

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Medicinal Uses:
The dried powdered herb is used as a poultice to treat inflamations. Care should be taken to use internally  with caution, the plant contains alkaloid cylognossine which can have a paralyzing effect.

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Anchusa+Italica
http://luirig.altervista.org/schedeit/ae/anchusa_italica.htm
http://www.maltawildplants.com/BORG/Anchusa_italica.php
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anchusa
http://www.herbnet.com/Herb%20Uses_IJK.htm
http://www.west-crete.com/flowers/anchusa_italica.htm

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