Strophanthus gratus

Botanical Name : Strophanthus gratus
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Strophanthus
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Gentianales

Common Name :Rose Allamanda,Climbing Oleander, Cream Fruit

Habitat : Strophanthus gratus is  native mainly to tropical Africa, extending to South Africa, with a few species in Asia, from southern India to the Philippines and southern China.

Dscription:
Scandent shrub, to 25 feet or more, glabrous; leaves oblong, to 6 inches long, short-acuminate, veins spreading at right angles to midrib; sepals broad, scarious, corolla white or tinged with pink, tube 1.5 inches long, lobes obovate, to 1 inch long, obtuse, never caudate, with crisped margins, appendages in sinuses lanceolate-subulate, rose-colored, exserted about 5/16 inch; follicles obtusely acuminate, to 15 inches long, seeds glabrous.
The cardiac drug strophanthin is derived from the seeds of this and a few other species.

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Culture: Frost-tender plants prefer a partly shaded position and fertile, humus-rich but well drained soil. Propagate from softwood cuttings or seeds.

Medicinal Uses:
One of the strongest cardiac tonics known.  Internally usually by injection, used for heart failure, angina, hypertension, pulmonary edema, and hypotension during anesthesia and surgery.  It may be prescribed like foxglove, but the active constituents are less well absorbed.  Ouabain has been used in the treatment of cardiac arrest since it acts very rapidly when given by injection.  S. gratus has been used in Nigeria to treat snake bite.  It has been shown to delay blood clotting.  The seeds are used.

Other Uses: Several of the African tribes used Strophanthus as the principal ingredient in arrow poison.

Disclaimer:The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://titanarum.uconn.edu/198500457.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strophanthus
http://www.rareflora.com/strophantusgra.htm

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