Arisaema consanguineum

Botanical Name : Arisaema consanguineum
Family: Araceae

Common Name :Tain Nan Xing

Habitat : Native to Himalayans, China, Philippines, North Thailand and North Viet Nam. Grows in damp shady pine and mixed forests, shrubberies and grassy slopes at elevations of 1800 – 3300 metres in the Himalayas.

Description:
Arisaema consanguineum is a perinnial plant growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 0.3 m (1ft).
It  is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jun to July. The flowers are dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required) and are pollinated by Flies.The plant is not self-fertile.

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The plant prefers light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and requires well-drained soil.The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils..It can grow in full shade (deep woodland) semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.It requires moist soil.

Edible Uses: Leaves are  boiled and eaten as a vegetable. Some caution is advised.

Medicinal Uses:
Anodyne;  Antibacterial;  Anticoagulant;  Antifungal;  Antiinflammatory;  Antiphlogistic;  Antirheumatic;  Antispasmodic;  Antitumor;  Expectorant;  Sedative;  Stomachic.

Tian Nan Xing has been used in Chinese herbal medicine for thousands of years and is valued especially for its beneficial affect upon the chest. When prescribed internally it is always used dried and in conjunction with fresh ginger root[254]. The root is an acrid irritant herb that is anodyne, antibacterial, antifungal, antiphlogistic, antirheumatic, anticancer, antispasmodic, antitumor, expectorant, sedative and stomachic. The dried root is used internally in the treatment of coughs with profuse phlegm, tumours, cervical cancer, epilepsy, tetanus and complaints involving muscular spasms. The fresh root is applied externally as a poultice to ulcers and other skin complaints. The root is harvested when the plant is dormant in the autumn or winter and is dried for later use[238]. The whole plant is anticoagulant, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic and anodyne

In Chinese herbal medicine, tian nan xing is thought to encourage the coughing up of phlegm. It is also used for tumors, cervical cancer, epilepsy, tetanus and complaints involving convulsions and spasmodic twitching. The dried root is used internally in the treatment of coughs with profuse phlegm, tumors, cervical cancer, epilepsy, tetanus and complaints involving muscular spasms. When prescribed internally it is always combined with fresh ginger root. The fresh rhizome is only ever used externally, for ulcers and other skin conditions.  In traditional Chinese medicine three different preparations are made from the corms: tian non xing (sun-dried); shi nan xing (cooked with raw ginger); and dan nan xing (processed with ox bile).  In China the term nan xing refers to the corms of several species.

Known Hazards  : The plant contains calcium oxylate crystals. These cause an extremely unpleasant sensation similar to needles being stuck into the mouth and tongue if they are eaten but they are easily neutralized by thoroughly drying or cooking the plant or by steeping it in water

Disclaimer:The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider

Resourcs:
http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Arisaema+consanguineum
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Arisaema_consanguineum_2.jpg
http://www.srgc.org.uk/bulblog/log2004/160604/log.html

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