Orthilia secunda

Botanical Name : Orthilia secunda
Family: Ericaceae
Tribe: Pyroleae
Genus: Orthilia
Species: O. secunda
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Ericales

Synonym(s): Pyrola secunda

Common Names : Sidebells wintergreen,One-sided Wintergreen, Sidebells, Nodding Wintergreen

Habitat : Orthilia Secunda is native for Siberia.The plant has a circumboreal distribution, growing throughout much of the northern Northern Hemisphere. It grows in damp coniferous woods and on damp rock ledges.

Description:
Orthilia secunda is an evergreen Perennial flowering  plant growing to 0.1 m (0ft 4in) by 0.3 m (1ft). .Stems are 5-20cm tall with 2-5 bracts (leaflets). from slender creeping rhizomes (underground stems) and the leaves are scatered on lower half of stem.

Leaves  are Short petioled (stalked), 1-2cm.and  the leaf -lade is 1.5-4cm long by 1-3 cm wide, oblong ovate in shpape, with an acute (pointed) tip. the margins crenulate to serrate.

It is in leaf 12-Jan It is in flower from Jul to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects, self.The plant is self-fertile.

click & see the pictures
You may click to see various pictures of Orthilia secunda

Reproductive Parts:
•Infloresence (flower cluster) one-sided. Made of a 2-9 flowered raceme (flowering stalk).
•Flowers small whitish green.
•Sepals 0.6-1mm long, broadly triangular, with fine teeth.
•Petals 4-6mm long edges with tiny teeth, greenish white.
•Anthers (male parts), stalkless pores at tip.
•Styles (female parts), staight, 5-7mm long, protruding from the flower, lacking a ring below the stigma (tip).
Seed:
•Furit is a dry capsule

Constituents:Orthilia secunda consists of tannins, flavonoids, gums, bitters, lemon and tartaric acids, arbutin and saponin

Medicinal Uses:
Orthilia Secunda is recommended by herbalists as an herb for gynecological disorders and inflammations. Orthilia Secunda preparations are used for sterility, bleedings, infantilism, cervical erosion, for menstrual cycle derangements, toxicosis. In some countries Orthilia Secunda is used as diuretics and antiseptics for kidney and urinary bladder inflammations. More than that, the decoction of Orthilia Secunda is used as an eye wash.

It is also used for women’s problems such as: uterus fibromyoma, myoma, barrenness and is a good anti-inflammatory agent.

•Leaves were also chewed to relieve tooth aches.
•Leaves were mixed with lard to make a salve that was applied to cuts for 3 days to stop bleeding and promote healing. (Chipewyan)
•Roots were used as a strong decoction for an eye wash (Southern Carrier)

Disclaimer:The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider

Resources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orthilia
http://skazkarussianfood.com/catalog/root/herbs/1271_orthilia_secunda.html
http://www.flora.dempstercountry.org/0.Site.Folder/Species.Program/Species2.php?species_id=Orthi.secu
http://www.herbnet.com/Herb%20Uses_UZ.htm

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Orthilia_secunda

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