Jalap Bindweed

Botanical Name:Convolvulus Jalapa
Family: Convolvulaceae
Tribe: Ipomoeeae
Genus: Ipomoea
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Solanales

Syn.: Ipomea purga

Common Names: Jalap , Jalap Bindweed

Habitat :The Jalap Bindweed is a native of South America and derives its name from Xalapa Mexico, where it grows.
The genus occurs throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world, Jalap has been known in Europe since the beginning of the 17th century for it’s strong cathartic and purgative action. Jalap is prepared from the resin in the roots

Description:
Jalap Bindweed is a handsome climbing plant with crimson flowers. The dark brown, medicinal root is tuberous, wrinkled and varies in size from a walnut to an orange.It comprises annual and perennial herbaceous plants, lianas, shrubs and small trees; most of the species are twining climbing plants.
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Ipomoea  is the largest genus in the flowering plant family Convolvulaceae, with over 500 species. Most of these are called morning glories, but this can also refer to related genera.

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Edible Uses:
Rcially important food items and have been for millennia. The sweet potato is one of the Polynesian “canoe plants”, transplanted by settlers on islands throughout the Pacific. Water spinach is used all over eastern Asia and the warmer regions of the Americas as a key component of well-known dishes, such as Canh chua rau mu?ng (Mekong sour soup) or callaloo; its numerous local names attest to its popularity. Other species are used on a smaller scale, e.g. the whitestar potato (I. lacunosa) traditionally eaten by some Native Americans, such as the Chiricahua Apaches, or the Australian bush potato (I. costata).

Medicinal Uses:
The drug Jalap is prepared from a resin which abounds in the roots. It has a slight smoky odour and the taste is unpleasant, followed by pungent acridity. It has strong cathartic and purgative action, and is used in constipation, pain and colic in the bowels and general intestinal torpor, being combined, in compound powder, with other laxatives, and with carminatives such as ginger, cloves, etc. It accelerates the action of rhubarb.

Jalap forms a safe purge for children, being given in sugar or jam to disguise the taste, and has been used thus with calomel or wormwood as a vermifuge. It proves an excellent purge in rheumatism.

Other Uses:
Most species have spectacular, colorful flowers and are often grown as ornamentals, and a number of cultivars have been developed. Their deep flowers attract large Lepidoptera – especially Sphingidae such as the pink-spotted hawk moth (Agrius cingulata) – or even hummingbirds.

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider

Resources:
http://botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/b/binwej40.html.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ipomoea
]http://www.anniesremedy.com/herb_detail411.php

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