Limonium carolinianum

Botanical Name ;Limonium carolinianum
Family: Plumbaginaceae
Genus:    Limonium
Kingdom: Plantae
Order:     Caryophyllales

Synonyms :Statice caroliniana.

Common Names :Statice Limonium. Ink Root. Sea Lavender. Marsh Rosemary.(Despite their common names, species are not related to the lavenders or to rosemary.)

Habitat :Limonium carolinianum  is native to Eastern N. America – Labrador to Florida and Texas.(The genus has a subcosmopolitan distribution in Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia and North America. By far the greatest diversity (over 100 species) is in the area stretching from Canary Islands east through the Mediterranean region to central Asia; for comparison, North America only has 3 native species.)It grows near coasts and in salt marshes, and also on saline, gypsum and alkaline soils in continental interiors.

Description:
Limonium carolinianum  is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 0.6 m (2ft).
The leaves are simple, entire to lobed, and from 1–30 cm long and 0.5–10 cm broad; most of the leaves are produced in a dense basal rosette, with the flowering stems bearing only small brown scale-leaves (bracts). It is in flower from Aug to October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees.The plant is self-fertile. The flowers are produced on a branched panicle or corymb, the individual flowers small (4–10 mm long) with a five-lobed calyx and corolla, and five stamens; the flower colour is pink, violet to purple in most species, white or yellow in a few. Many of the species are apomictic. The fruit is a small capsule containing a single seed, partly enclosed by the persistent calyx.
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Several species are popular garden flowers; they are generally known to gardeners as statices. They are grown both for their flowers, and for the appearance of the calyx, which remains on the plant after the true flowers have fallen, and are known as “everlasting flowers”.

Medicinal Uses:

Part Used:…is the root. This is large, heavy, blackish, inodorous, with a bitter, saltish and very astringent taste.

Constituents: Volatile oil, resin, gum, albumen, tannic acid, caoutchouc, extractive and colouring matter, woody fibre, and various salts.
It has long been in use as a domestic remedy for diarrhoea, dysentery, etc., but is only used as an astringent tonic after the acute stage has passed. It is also very useful as a gargle or wash in ulcerations of mouth and throat, scarlatina, anguinosa, etc. The powdered root is applied to old ulcers, or made with a soothing ointment for piles. As an injection the decoction is very useful in chronic gonorrhoea, gleet, leucorrhoea, prolapsus of womb and anus, and in some ophthalmic affections. It can otherwise be used where astringents are indicated and may be applicable to all cases where kino and catechu are given. It is said to be a valuable remedy for internal and local use in cynanche maligna. Decoction is 1 ounce of powdered root to 1 pint, in wineglassful doses.

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/l/lavsea15.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limonium
http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Limonium+carolinianum

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