Anemone hepatica

Botanical Name: Anemone hepatica
Family: Ranunculaceae
Genus:     Anemone
Species: A. hepatica
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Ranunculales

Synonyms: Hepatica triloba. Hepatica triloba, var. americana or obtusa. Round-leaved Hepatica. Noble Liverwort. Liverleaf. Liverweed. Trefoil. Herb Trinity. Kidneywort. Edellebere.

Common Names :Common Hepatica, liverwort, pennywort

Habitat: Anemone hepatica is native to woodland in temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere.Cooler latitudes of the North Temperate Zone.

Description:
Anemone hepatica  is a herbaceous perennial plant growing  5–15 cm (2–6 in) high. Leaves and flowers emerge directly from the rhizome, not from a stem above ground.
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The leaves have three lobes and are fleshy and hairless, 7–9 cm (2.8–3.5 in) wide and 5–6 cm (2.0–2.4 in) long. The upper side is dark green with whitish stripes and the lower side is violet or reddish-brown. Leaves emerge during or after flowering and remain green through winter.

The flowers are blue, purple, pink, or white and appear in winter or spring. They have five to ten oval showy sepals and three green bracts.

Medicinal Uses:
Parts Used: Leaves and flowers.

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Constituents: Liverwort contains tannin, sugar, mucilage, etc.; its value is due to its astringent principle. A full analysis has not been made.

Demulcent, tonic, astringent, vulnerary. It has been described as ‘an innocent herb which may be taken freely in infusion and in syrup.’ It is a mild remedy in disorders of the liver, indigestion, etc., and possessing pectoral properties it is employed in coughs, bleeding of the lungs and diseases of the chest generally.

The infusion, made from 1 OZ. of the dried herb to 1 pint of boiling water, is slightly astringent and mucilaginous. Frequent doses of 1/2 teacupful have been recommended in the early stages of consumption. In some countries the whole plant is regarded as a vulnerary and astringent. In cataplasms it is valued in hernia, affections of the urinary passages and skin diseases.

A distilled water is used for freckles and sunburn. Though in use from ancient days, its mild character has caused it to be little used.

It was used by medieval herbalists to treat liver diseases. Modern applications by herbalists include treatments for pimples, bronchitis and gout.

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/l/livame36.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anemone_hepatica
http://en.cyclopaedia.net/wiki/Anemone-hepatica
http://www.chemeurope.com/en/encyclopedia/Anemone_hepatica.html

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