Lysimachia vulgaris

Botanical Name :Lysimachia vulgaris
Family: Myrsinaceae
Genus:     Lysimachia
Species: L. vulgaris
Kingdom: Plantae
Order:     Ericales

Synonyms: Yellow Willow Herb. Herb Willow. Willow-wort. Wood Pimpernel.

Common Names : Garden Loosestrife, Yellow Loosestrife or Garden Yellow Loosestrife

Habitat :Lysimachia vulgaris is  native to wetlands, damp meadows and forests of Eurasia.It prefers  moist soil, and  invades fens, wet woods, lake shores, rocky river shores and riparian zones.

Description:
Lysimachia vulgaris is an herbaceous perennial with erect stems up to 3.3 ft. (1 m) in height and long, stolon-like rhizomes that can run 33 ft. (10 m) long.
The leaves of this plant are opposite or whorled. They have small glands that are black or orange in color and soft hairs beneath. They are lanceolate to laceolate-ovate in shape, 2.75-4.75 in. (7-12 cm) in length and 0.6-1.5 in. (1.5-4 cm) in width. The middle and upper leaves have short petioles and are acuminate.The inflorescence is a terminal, leafy panicle that appears June-September. The flowers are have five yellow petals and are 0.5-0.75 in. (1.2-2 cm) across. The lobes of the calyx are red-margined and 0.15-0.2 in. (3.5-5 mm) long. The fruits are dry capsules. The seeds of this plant are most likely water-dispersed. However, the main method of dispersal for this plant is via rhizomes.

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Medicinal Uses:
Part Used: The whole herb, collected from wild plants in July and dried. (The taste of the dried herb is astringent and slightly acid, but it has no odour.)

Astringent, expectorant. Loosestrife proves useful inchecking bleeding of the mouth, nose and wounds, restraining profuse haemorrhage of any kind.

It has demulcent and astringent virtues which render it useful in obstinate diarrhoea, and as a gargle it finds use in relaxed throat and quinsy.

For the cure of sore eyes, this herb has been considered equal, if not superior to Eyebright. Culpepper states:
‘This herb has some peculiar virtue of its own, as the distilled water is a remedy for hurts and blows on the eyes, and for blindness, so as the crystalline humours be not perished or hurt. It cleareth the eyes of dust or any other particle and preserveth the sight.’

For wounds, an ointment was used in his days, made of the distilled water of the herb, boiled with butter and sugar. The distilled water was also recommended for cleansing ulcers and reducing their inflammation, and also, applied warm, for removing ‘spots, marks and scabs in the skin.’

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/l/looyel41.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lysimachia_vulgaris
http://wiki.bugwood.org/Lysimachia_vulgaris

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