Monarda punctata

Botanical Name : Monarda punctata
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Monarda
Species: M. punctata
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Lamiales

Synonyms: Monarda lutea. Spotted Monarda.

Common Names :Spotted Beebalm and Horsemint

Habitat : Monarda punctata  is native to the United States and northeastern Mexico.

Description:
Monarda punctata is a perennial herb, growing in dry, sandy places. It has a strong erect stem, reaching 2 feet or more in height, with lanceolate, opposite leaves, 2 to 4 inches long, dotted on the under-surface with glands. The flowers form dense whorls, one being terminal, and have a large yellow corolla, the upper lip being spotted with purple. A circle of large, leaf-like bracts, purplish-pink in colour, surrounds them.
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It is a thyme-scented plant with purple-spotted tubular yellow flowers.

Medicinal Uses:
Part Used: Whole herb

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Constituents:  The active virtues depend on the abundant volatile oil, which has been found to contain a hydrocarbon, thymol, and higher oxygenated compounds. It yields its virtues to boiling water, but particularly to alcohol.

Oleum Monardze or Oil of Horsemint is official in the United States.

It is  rubefacient, stimulant, carminative.
The plant contains thymol, an antiseptic and fungicide. It was historically used to treat upset stomachs, colds, diarrhea, neuralgia and kidney disease.
The infusion is used for flatulent colic, sickness, and as a diaphoretic and emmenagogue, or as a diuretic in urinary disorders.

The principal use is external, and in its pure state it may be a vesicant. It should be diluted with olive oil or soap liniment, two or four parts of either being added to one of oil of Monarda. It may be employed in chronic rheumatism, cholera infantum, or whenever rubefacients are required.

It may be taken like Hedeoma, or American Pennyroyal.

Disclaimer:
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

 Resources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monarda_punctata
http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/m/mints-39.html#hor.

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