Synonyms: Mollugo oppositifolia, Mollugo spergula
Common name: Jima * Hindi: Jima, Grishma-sundaraka, Ghima * Tamil: Pampantra, Thura poondu * Telugu: Chayuntarashi * Kannada: Chadarasi gida, Chandarasisoppu * Sanskrit: Phanija, Ushnasundara, Lonika *Bengali: Gima, Gima-sak, Jima.
Habitat: Glinus oppisitifolius is native to Asiatic countries. It grows on riversides , open sands of seashores, rice fields ; low elevations.
Glinus oppisitifolius is a prostrate annual herb, to 50 cm long, hairless. Leaves are in pseudowhorls of 3-6 or opposite; leaf blade spoon-shaped or elliptic, 1-2.5 cm × 3-6 mm, base attenuate, margin with sparse teeth, apex obtuse or acute. Leaf stalks are short. Flowers are greenish white in colour around 5mm to 8mm across. Perianth segments white or tinged with pink. Stamens 3–5. Carpels 3; styles 3. Seeds numerous. Flowering almost all year round....CLICK & SEE THE PICTURES
Leaves contain spergulagenic acid, a saturated triterpenoid sapogenin, spergulagenin A and a tri-hydroxy ketone. Roots contain a glycoside, mollugo glycoside A. ?-Spinasterol and ?-sitosterol glucoside, bis-nortriterpene sapogenol, spergulatriol, spergulagenol, oleanolic acid, methyl spergulagenate and spergulagenin A have also been isolated from roots (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
The plant is stomachic, aperient and antiseptic; used in skin diseases and for suppression of the lochia. Warmed herb moistened with castor oil is a good cure for earache. The juice is applied to itch and other skin diseases.
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