Gentiana tubiflora

Botanical Name : Gentiana tubiflora
Family: Gentianaceae
Tribes: Gentianeae
Subtribes: Gentianinae
Genus: Gentiana
Sectio: G. sect. Isomeria
Series: G. ser. Uniflorae
Species: Gentiana tubiflora

Common Names: Tong hua long dan, Ericala tubiflora Wallich, Gentiana longistyla T. N. Ho, Gentiana longistyla T. N. Ho; G. tubiflora var. longiflora Turrill; G. tubiflora var. namlaensis C. Marquand.

Habitat ; Gentiana tubiflora is native to E. Asia – Himalayas from Himachel Pradesh to south-east Tibet. It grows on grassy hillsides, dry hillsides and alpine meadows at elevations of 4200 – 5300 metres. [Bhutan, NW India, Nepal, Sikkim].

Description:
Gentiana tubiflora is a perennial plant 4-5 cm tall. Stolons 2-5 cm, simple to 3branched. Stems erect, simple. Leaves crowded; petiole 3-5 mm; leaf blade oblong to elliptic, 6-9 × 2-3 mm, base narrowed, margin cartilaginous and ± ciliate, apex acute to obtuse and sometimes caudate; vein 1, abaxially indistinct. Flowers solitary. Calyx tubular to narrowly obconic, tube (0.8-)1.2-1.5 cm; lobes ovate to triangular, 4-7 mm, margin usually ± ciliate, apex acute and sometimes caudate, midvein indistinct. Corolla dark blue, unspotted, tubular, (2.5-)3.2-4.2 cm; lobes 4-6 mm, ovate, margin entire, apex obtuse; plicae obliquely truncate, 1-1.5 mm, margin erose. Stamens inserted at middle of corolla tube; filaments (4-)6-10 mm; anthers linear, 1.5-2.5 mm. Style filiform, 1.2-1.4 cm, longer than ovary; stigma lobes oblong. Capsules ellipsoid to ovoid-ellipsoid, 0.9-1.3 cm; gynophore to 4 cm. Seeds brown, ellipsoid, 0.7-1 mm; seed coat with simple pits.

It is in flower from Jul to August. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bumblebees, butterflies.
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Medicinal Uses:
The entire plant is used in Tibetan medicine, it is said to have a bitter taste and a cooling potency. Antidote, anti-inflammatory and febrifuge, it is used in the treatment of headaches and redness of the eyes, inflammation of the throat and inflammation of the gall bladder giving rise to yellowish skin.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
https://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Gentiana_tubiflora
http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200018119
http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Gentiana+tubiflora

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