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Botanical Name:Ipomoea carnea
Common Name: Pink morning glory
Another common name is “bush morning glory”, but particularly in temperate North America, that usually refers to Ipomoea leptophylla.
Habitat : Ipomoea carnea is native to tropical America; naturalized / cultivated elsewher
Ipomoea carnea is a flowering plant. It has heart-shaped leaves that are a rich green and 6–9 inches (15–23 cm) long. It can be easily grown from seeds which are toxic and it can be hazardous to cattle; the toxicity is related to the swainsonine produced by endophytes and to bioaccumulation of selenium species in leaves but mostly in seeds.
In Brazil, I. carnea is known as canudo-de-pita, literally “pipe-cane”, as its hollow stems were used to make tubes for tobacco pipes. It thus became the namesake of Canudos, a religious community in the sertão of Bahia, over which the War of Canudos was fought 1893–1897.
The plant has medicinal value. It contains a component identical to marsilin, a sedative and anticonvulsant. A glycosidic saponin has also been purified from I. carnea with anticarcinogenic and oxytoxic properties.
The shrub Ipomoea carnea has been used traditionally for thousands of years. However, there are few scientific studies on this medicinal plant, and most of the information are scattered. Different extracts of Ipmoea carnea plant possess anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-oxidant, anti-cancer, anti-convulsant, immunomodulatory, anti-diabetic, hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, anxiolytic, sedative and wound healing activities.
Other Uses: The stem of Ipomoea carnea can be used for making paper.
Known Hazards: Some toxicological effects have been also reported. Some of the major phytochemicals associated with the bioactivity of I. carnea have been characterized.