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Abnormal Nipples

There are two main types of nipple abnormality: retraction into the breast and disorders affecting the skin on or around the nipple. although these abnormalities are most often caused by minor problems that are easily treatable, any changes in the condition of the nipples should receive medical attention because, in rare cases, they may indicate breast cancer....click & see

Possible causes:
Inversion of the nipples may occur during puberty if the breasts do not develop properly. this type of inversion is usually harmless, although it may later make breast-feeding difficult. Nipple inversion may also occur in the previously normal breast as a result of inflammation of the milk ducts behind the nipple. This condition most often affects women who are breast-feeding. Changes in the structure of the breasts as they age may cause the nipple to be drawn into the breast in older women. Less commonly, nipple inversion that develops in adulthood may be due to breast cancer.

\Many women develop fine cracks and tender areas on their nipples during the first few weeks of breast-feeding. these cracks are most often the result of the baby not taking the whole nipple into his or her mouth properly when feeding. leaving your nipples wet after a feed can also cause them to become sore and cracked. cracked nipples often cause stabbing or burning pain as the baby starts or stops feeding and may become infected, causing inflammation of the breast tissue.

Dry, flaky patches of skin that occur on or around both nipples may be due to eczema. eczema is usually itchy and tends to occur in several sites on the body. however, occasionally, skin changes on the nipples that resemble eczema are in fact caused by paget’s disease of the breast, a rare form of cancer that originates in the milk ducts. unlike eczema, paget’s disease rarely develops on both nipples and does not heal. this type of breast cancer often causes soreness and bleeding from the nipple and is often associated with a breast lump.

What might be done?
Your doctor will examine your breasts, paying particular attention to your nipples. if nipple inversion has occurred in adulthood but is not related to breast-feeding, your doctor may arrange for ultrasound scanning or breast x-rays to look for breast abnormalities. if a breast lump is found, cells or fluid may be taken from it using a needle and syringe and examined under the microscope for cancerous cells. If you have a persistent rash on or around a nipple, your doctor may take a skin sample to look for cancerous cells.

Occasionally, it is possible to correct nipple inversion that has been present since puberty by gently drawing the nipples out between your thumb and forefinger every day for several weeks. Suction devices, such as nipple shells, which are temporarily worn in your bra, can also help draw out the nipple.

If your nipples have become cracked, washing and drying them carefully and applying a moisturize may help. make sure that you wash the moisturizer off before breast-feeding. You should also avoid plastic-lined breast pads which may become damp and encourage infection. infection is usually treated with antibiotics and eczema can be improved by hydrocortisone cream.

If cancer of the breast is discovered, you will be referred to a specialist for treatment, and further tests, including blood tests and x-rays, may be done to find out if the cancer has spread to other body organs. if paget’s disease is diagnosed, the affected skin will be surgically removed along with surrounding tissue. if a lump is present, treatment can include surgery, radiation therapy or chemotherapy.

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Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advise or help. It is always best to consult with a Physician about serious health concerns. This information is in no way intended to diagnose or prescribe remedies.

Resources: http://www.charak.com

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Best Flu Remedies

Fenugreek6 steps to take at the first sign of flu symptoms.

At the First Sign of the Flu
Unlike the common cold, which is annoying but ultimately harmless, the flu can be dangerous — even deadly. Your best bet? Focusing on the twin Super Threats of chronic stress and immune weakness. With a strong immune system, you’re much more likely to fight off this potential killer.
If you do get the flu, act fast. Prescription antiviral medications can help you get better faster, and numerous studies find that natural remedies can also significantly reduce the amount of time you suffer — but you need to take them at the very first sign of symptoms, or as a precaution during flu season.

Do This Now
Follow these six steps at the first sign of the flu.
1. Call your doctor and ask for an antiviral medication such as amantadine, rimantadine, zanamivir, or oseltamivir.

2. At the same time, start taking 1 tablespoon of the liquid elderberry extract Sambucol   four times a day for three to five days.

3. Also start taking the homeopathic remedy Anas Barbariae Hepatis et cordis extractum 200c, more commonly known as Oscillococcinum or Flu Remedy. Follow the dosage instructions on the package.

4. To relieve headache and achiness, take 500 to 1,000 milligrams of enteric-coated aspirin, 200 milligrams of ibuprofen, or 500 to 1,000 milligrams of acetaminophen every four to six hours, or 275 milligrams of naproxen twice a day. Don’t take acetaminophen if you have liver disease. Don’t give aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen to children or adolescents (use acetaminophen instead).

5. Now that you’re medicated, work on bringing your fever down to make yourself more comfortable. Start with cool compresses on the pulse points at the neck, throat, and wrists.

6. If your fever is still high and you’re still achy, add a cup of Epsom or sea salt to a warm tub, soak for 20 minutes, then wrap up warmly and lie under blankets to induce a sweat. Adding 10 to 15 drops of eucalyptus or peppermint oil to the bath will help with congestion, cough, and muscle aches.

Why It Works, Plus More Approaches
Antiviral drugs can decrease the severity and length of your infection if you take them within the first day or two of symptoms. They’re particularly helpful if you got the flu even though you were vaccinated, because chances are you’re dealing with a different strain from the ones in the vaccine.

Sambucol also fights the flu directly. One well-designed study of 60 patients, all of whom had the flu, found that those who received the supplement were nearly recovered by the third or fourth day of treatment, whereas it took seven to eight days for the people in the placebo group to feel better. Researchers think that compounds called anthocyanins in elderberry may be responsible; they boost the immune system and also seem to prevent the flu virus from sticking to cells.

The other treatments are all about making you more comfortable and relieving aches and pains. The warm bath has an added effect: it causes a slight increase in body temperature, which makes bacteria-killing enzymes more effective, potentially helping to prevent a secondary bacterial infection when your defenses are down.

Other Medicines and Approaches
Fenugreek. If you’re coughing, take 2 capsules three or four times a day. This herb helps thin mucus and also soothes a dry cough. (Note that it makes your urine smell sweet.)

Cough suppressants. If you want to use a cough suppressant, choose one that contains dextromethorphan. At night, try Delsym, which lasts for 12 hours.

Sports creams. For body aches, massage a pain-relief rub or sports cream like Ben-Gay or Tiger Balm onto the achy areas.

Fluids. Drink lots and lots of fluids, both hot and cold. Avoid caffeinated and overly sweet drinks like sodas and undiluted fruit juices.

From:Best Remedies