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Antibiotics are often prescribed for treatment of bronchitis, but they are mostly useless, since nearly all cases of bronchitis are caused by viruses, not bacteria. A new review published in the New England Journal of Medicine finds that 70 to 80 percent of people with bronchitis are still prescribed antibiotics, which means they may get side effects like abdominal pain, diarrhea and rashes without getting any benefit from the medication. Furthermore, reviewers from Virginia Commonwealth University find that nearly 100 percent of bronchitis patients received a prescription for cough medication, despite the fact that cough medications are also ineffective for bronchitis. Most cases of bronchitis clear up easily in a few days, but people with high fevers, especially those that persist more than a day or two, should consult a doctor.