Leucoderma also known as vitiligo ,is a distressing skin condition. The word literally means white skin. There is a gradual loss of pigment melanin from the skin layer which results in white patches. These patches look ugly, especially in persons with a dark complexion. The condition does not cause any organic harm….click & see
It is a pigmentation disorder in which melanocytes in the skin – tissues that line the inside of the mouth, nose, the genital areas, the rectal areas (mucous membranes) and the retina of the eyes – are destroyed as a result of which white patches of skin appear on different parts of the body.It is a skin condition in which there is loss of pigment from areas of skin resulting in irregular white patches with normal skin texture.
The term Vitiligo is probably derived from the latin word Vitilus – meaning calf and was first used by roman physician Celsus of 1st century AD,The characteristics white patches of disease resembled the white patches of a spotted calf in India. Leukoderma is a generic name for relatively or absolutely lightened in colour.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors:
The cause of vitiligo is unknown, but autoimmunity may be a factor. This condition affects about 1% of the U.S. population.
As per Ayurveda the main causes of leucoderma are said to be excessive mental worry, chronic or acute gastric disorder, and impaired hepatic function such as jaundice, worms or other parasites in the alimentary canal, typhoid, a defective perspiratory mechanism, and burn injuries. Heredity is also a well-recognized causative factors.
Vitiligo appears to be an acquired condition and may appear at any age. There is an increased incidence in some families. Vitiligo is more noticeable in darker skinned people because of the contrast.
Lesions appear as flat depigmented areas with a darker boarder. The edges are sharply defined but irregular. Frequently affected areas are the face, elbows and knees, hands and feet, and genitalia.
If the white spot is senseless, it could be leprosy .
The problems usually start with a small white spot, which later develops into patches. These patches are pale in the beginning, but become whiter and whiter as time passes by due to loss of pigment. As the spot enlarge they merge into each other and in course of time form a very broad patch. in some cases most of the skin of the body may be covered by with white patches.
1.Family history of vitiligo. 2.Sudden or gradual onset of flat normally textured areas of skin with complete pigment loss.
Signs and tests:
Examination is usually sufficient to confirm the diagnosis. In some cases, a skin biopsy may be needed to rule out other causes of pigment loss.
Vitiligo is difficult to treat. Early treatment options include the following:
Exposure to intense ultraviolet light, such as narrow-band UVB therapy
Oral medications, such as Trisoralen (trimethylpsoralen)
Repigmenting agents such as Oxsoralen (methoxsalen)
Immunosuppressants such as Elidel (pimecrolimus) and Protopic (tacrolimus)
Skin may be grafted, or removed from normal areas and placed into areas of pigment loss. In the future, skin pigment cells may be grown in the laboratory and used to treat areas of vitiligo.
Ayurvedic Healing Options:
Ayurvedic Supplements : 1. Neem Guard 2.Raktasodhak Bati 3.Somraji Oil
Diet: Constitutional measures should be adopted to cleanse the system of accumulated toxins. To begin with the patient should undertake a fast of juices for about a week. After the juice fast the patient may adopt a restricted diet consisting of fresh fruits, raw or boiled vegetables and whole meal bread and chapattis. Curd and milk may be added to this diet after a few days. The patient may thereafter gradually embark upon a well balanced diet of seeds, nuts ,grains, vegetables, oil ,honey and yeast. Juice fasting may be repeated at intervals of two months or so. The patient should avoid tea ,coffee, alcoholic beverages, all condiments and highly flavored dishes, sugar, white flour products ,denatured cereals like polished rice and pearled barley and tinned or bottled foods.
Lifestyle: During the initial one week juice fast, the bowels should be cleansed daily with luke warm water enema.
Natural Herbal Home Remedy – Leucoderma or White Spot on Skin :
Eat Bathu ka sag daily during the season in form of Roti or Dall-sag and use its juice over spots daily at least 2/3 times. Eat Anjir regularly for a month.
Latest Vitiligo sergery
The course of vitiligo varies. Some areas may repigment, but other new areas may appear. Depigmentation may be progressive.
Depigmented areas are more likely to sunburn or develop certain skin cancers. Vitiligo is associated with three systemic diseases: 1) pernicious anemia, 2) hyperthyroidism, and 3) Addison’s disease.
Calling your health care provider:
Call for an appointment with your health care provider if you develop areas of skin that lose their coloring.
Disclaimer: This information is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advise or help. It is always best to consult with a Physician about serious health concerns. This information is in no way intended to diagnose or prescribe remedies.
Help taken from:www.healthline.com and Allayurveda.com