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Botanical Name :Memecylon ovatum Smith
Family : Melastomataceae
Other scientific names:: Memecylon ovatum Smith ,Memecylon tinctorium Blanco ,Memecylon parviflorum Blanco ,Memecylon lucidum Presl,Memecylon prasinum Naud. ,Memecylon edule F.-Vill. ,Memecylon parviflorum Roxb. var. ovatum ,Memecylon umbellatum Merr.
Common names :Bayan (Tag.) ,Diok (Pang.) ,Gisian (Tag.) , Kandong (ilk.) ,Kolis (Tag.),Kulis (Sbl.) , Malabahi (Bik.),Malabanggi (Kuy.),Sagingsing (Bis.) , Sisirai (Ilk.) ,Ironwood tree (Engl.)
Habitat :Common in thickets at low altitudes, especially along the seashore.Mostly in southeast Asia.
Smooth shrub or small tree reaching a height of 8 meters. Leaves are leathery, oblong-ovate to oblong elliptic, 6 to 14 cn long, green, shining, and usually pointed at both ends. Flowers are faintly scented, numerous, about 7 mm across, deep blue or purple and borned on axillary, solitary or fascicled cymes, 2 to 4 cm long. Fruit is rounded, 7 to 10 mm diameter, fleshy and dark purple….click & see the picture
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Constituents : Plant yields alkaloids, triterpenes, flavonoids and saponins.
Parts used: Roots, leaves.
• Decoction of roots used for menstrual irregularities.
• Infusion of leaves used as astringent in ophthalmia.
• Antibacterial: . Results showed the ethyl acetate and chloroform extracts of the plant with moderate antibacterial activity. Maximum activity was shown by the chloroform extract against Bacillus subtilis.
• Radical Scavenging / Anti-Inflammatory / Analgesic: . The ethyl acetate extract showed the highest stimulation for interleukin-10 production; it also caused significant inhibition of the writhing response. The methanol fraction exhibited radical scavenging activity.
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