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Botanical Name : Vanieria cochinchinensis Lour.
Species: M. tinctoria
Scientific names: Vanieria cochinchinensis Lour. ,Cudrania javanensis Trecul ,Trophis spinosa Blume ,Batis spinosa Roxb. ,Moris tinctoria Blanco ,Broussonetia tinctoria Blanco ,Cudrania obovata Trecul ,Cudrania spinosa Hochr. ,Maclura tinctoria (L.) D. Don ex Steud.
Common Names:Kokom-pusa (Ilk.),Patdang-labuyo (Tag.),Tahid-labuyo (Tag.),Talolong (Ilk., Ig.),Dryer’s mulberry or Old Fustic (Engl.)
Habitat :Near villages. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, SE Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, India, Indochina, Japan, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Australia, Pacific Islands].
The plant is a scandent or strangling, smooth shrub, growing from 2 to 4 meters in length. Branches glabrous; are armed with stout, sharp, straight or somewhat recurved spines, 1 to 1.5 cm long. Leaves are elliptic-ovate to oblong-ovate or oblong-obovate, 3 to 8 cm long, shining, with tapering tips and rounded bases. Heads are solitary or in pairs, rounded and short-peduncled. Female heads are 7 to 8 mm in diameter, yellowish, dense. Fruit is fleshy, up to 5 cm in diameter. Fruiting syncarp reddish orange when mature, 2-5 cm in diam., pubescent. Drupes brown when mature, ovoid, smooth. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Jun-Jul.CLICK & SEE
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• In the Moluccas, the young leaves are eaten raw.
• In Japan, fruit of Cudrania javanensis considered edible.
• Decoction of roots used to alleviate coughing; also used for gastralgia.
• In the Moluccas, paste made from ground wood applied as a cooling agent for fevers.
• In Taiwan, used as analgesic and anti-inflammatory.
• Constituents: From the bark of the Cudrania javanensis, study isolated osajaxanthone, vanillic acid, monmethyl fumarate, p-hydroxybenzoic acid and (-)-(S)-stachydrine.
• Isoflavonoid: Study isolated an isoflavonoid â€“ 5,7,4′-trihydroxy-6,3′-diprenylisoflavone.
Others Uses: Dye: The heartwood produces a yellow dye used in the Batik industry in Java; in Thailand for traditional fabric dyeing. Mixed with indigo, it produces a green dye.
It produces a yellow dye called fustic primarily known for coloring khaki fabric for U.S. military apparel during World War.
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