Herbs & Plants

Buri Plam

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Botanical Name :Corypha elata Roxb.
Family: Arecaceae/Palmae
Subfamily: Coryphoideae
Tribe: Corypheae
Genus: Corypha
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Arecales
Species: C. utan

Other scientific Names :Corypha umbraculifera Blanco   ,Sagus rumphii Perr. ,Livistona vidalii Becc  ,Corypha sylvestris Mart. ,Corypha gebanga Blume  ,Corypha utan

Common Names : Gebang Palm, or Cabbage Palm, Bagatai (Is.), Buli (Tag.),Buri ( Bis., Bik., Pamp., Tag.),  Busi (Pamp., Bis., Tag.,Ibus (Tag.),Piet (Tag., Pamp.),Silad (Bik.) Silag (Ilk., Pang.) ,Silal (Sub.) ,Sirar (Bag.) ,Taktak (Is.) ,Gebang (Span.), Buri palm (Engl.), Gao xing li ye ye zi (Chin.)

Parts Used
: Roots, trunk.

Habitat :
Buri Plam  grows in areas from India through to the Philippines, down to Australia’s Cape York Peninsula.Widely scattered in some regions; abundant in low and medium altitudes.Growing along watercourses, floodplains and grasslands, the Palm and Cycad Socieites of Australia write about the Corypha utan palms occurring in Cape York:

Buri Plam is undoubtedly one of the most imposing species in the Australian palm flora (with its massive pachycaul trunks and hapaxanthic flowering and fruiting extravaganza

The buri palm is the most stately and largest of the Philippine palms. Trunk is straight and erect, up to 1 meter in diameter and 20 meters in height. Leaves are large and fan-shaped, rounded in outline, up to 3 meters long, palmately split into about 100, lanceolate, 1.5 to 6 cm wide, segments extending one-half to two-thirds to the base; petioles are very stout, up to 3 meters long, 20 cm thick at the base, the margins armed with stout black spines. Inflorescence is pyramidal, up to 7 meters high, the lower branches up to 3.5 meters long, the upper gradually shorter, the ultimate branches about 1 meter long. Flowe rs are numerous, greenish-white, 5-6 mm in diameter. Fruits are globose, fleshy, 2 to 2.5 cm in diameter. Seeds are hard, about 1.5 cm in diameter.

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These palms (like all Corypha) only flower towards the end of their lifetime, but when they do flower they send up a massive inflorescence up to 5m high, and with up to 1 million flowers .

Chemical constituents and properties:
*Sucrose is the produce of the sugar cane.
*Sugar is demuilcent, antiseptic, cooling, laxative and diuretic.
*Roots are demulcent, emollient, diuretic and stimulant.

Edible Uses:
*Trunk yields a large quantity of starch.
*Buds (ubod) used for salads or eaten as vegetable.
*Kernels of young fruits are edible and made into sweetmeats.
*It produces a fermented drink (tuba), alcohol, vinegar, syrup and sugar.

Medicinal Uses:
*Decoction of young plant used for febrile catarrh.
*In Malaya, starch used for bowel complaints and the juice of roots used for diarrhea.
*In Celebes, roots chewed for coughs.

Others Uses:

*Ornaments: Mature seeds used for rosary beads and buttons.

*Fiber: Petiole yields the “buntal fiber,” used in making the famous Baliuag and Lucban hats. Also, used for making rope. From the leaf is obtained a fiber, similar to raffia, used in making cloth, strings, and other fancy articles. Fiber from the ribs of unopened leaves used in making Calasiao or Pototan hats. Strips of unopend

*leaf usedin making hats, mats, sails, baskets.

*Leaf: Mature leaf used for covering tobacco bales; rarely, as thatch for hiouses; the ribs used for making brooms.

The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider


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