Herbs & Plants

Angelica anomala

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Botanical Name : Angelica anomala
Family:Apiaceae (alt. Umbelliferae)
Subfamily: Apioideae
Tribes: Selineae
Genus: Angelica
Species: Angelica anomala

Synonyms: Angelica amurensis Schischkin; Angelica anomala Avé-Lallemant subsp. sachalinensis (Maximovicz) H. Ohba; Angelica anomala Avé-Lallemant subsp. sachalinensis (Maximovicz) H. Ohba var. glabra (Koidzumi) H. Ohba; Angelica cincta H. Boissieu; Angelica czernaevia (Kitagawa) M. Hiroe; Angelica jaluana Nakai; Angelica kawakamii Koidzumi; Angelica montana Brotero var. angustifolia Ledebour; Angelica pubescens Maximovicz forma glabra (Koidzumi) Murata; Angelica purpuraefolia T. H. Chung; Angelica refracta F. Schmidt var. glaucophylla Koidzumi; Angelica rupestris Koidzumi; Angelica sachalinensis Maximovicz; Angelica sachalinensis Maximovicz var. glabra (Koidzumi) T. Yamazaki; Angelica sachalinensis Maximovicz var. kawakamii (Koidzumi) T. Yamazaki; Angelica sachalinensis Maximovicz var. pubescens T. Yamazaki; Angelica sachalinensis Maximovicz var. sachalinensis forma pubescens (T. Yamazaki) T.Yamazaki; Angelica sachalinensis Maximovicz var. sachalinensis forma saninensis T. Yamazaki; Angelica sylvestris L. var. angustigolia Turczaninow

Common Name : Bai Zhi, (Japanese common name) ezo-no-yoroi-gusa  [meaning: Ezo armor weed (Ezo = an old name of Hokkaido)])

Habitat: (Japan) Hokkaido, Honshu (north of Central region) (Other nations) Russia (Far East), Korea, China.  Mountane field.Damp habitats in C. and N. Japan. In grasses or forests, at forest edges or by streams in northern China.


Angelica anomala is a Perennial flowering plant growing  100-200cm tall. Leaves 30-50cm long, 30-50cm wide. It is not frost tender. It is in flower from Jul to August, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.The plant is self-fertile.
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Cultivation :
We have very little information on this species and do not know how hardy it will be in Britain, though judging by its native range it should succeed outdoors in most parts of this country. The following notes are based on the general needs of the genus. Requires a deep moist fertile soil in dappled shade or full sun. Plants are reliably perennial if they are prevented from setting seed[200]. There is some confusion over the correct author of the Latin name for this species. We have used Lallem. as is found in  and , but and  cite Pallas as the author.

Propagation :
Seed – best sown in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe since the seed only has a short viability. Seed can also be sown in the spring, though germination rates will be lower. It requires light for germination. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter, planting them out into their permanent positions in the spring. The seed can also be sow in situ as soon as it is ripe.

Medicinal Uses:

The root is analgesic, antibacterial, antidote, carminative, depuritive, diaphoretic, poultice and is also used to treat women’s complaints. The drug (an extract of the root?) lowers arterial pressure, increases diuresis and stimulates contraction of the smooth muscles, especially the uterus, but without causing abortion. The plant is used in the treatment of colds and headaches, coryza, leucorrhoea, boils and abscesses. Small quantities of angelicotoxin, one of the active ingredients in the root, have an excitatory effect on the respiratory centre, central nervous system and vasculomotor centre. It increases the rate of respiration, increases blood pressure, decreases the pulse, increases the secretion of saliva and induces vomiting. In large doses it can cause convulsions and generalized paralysis.

Known Hazards :  One report says that caution is advised in the use of this plant but it gives no reason. All members of this genus contain furocoumarins, which increase skin sensitivity to sunlight and may cause dermatitis

The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.


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