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Botanical Name : Eupatorium purpurea
Species: E. purpureum
Common Names :Kidney-root, Sweetscented Joe-Pie weed, Trumpet weed, Eutrochium purpureum kidney-root, sweetscented joe-pie weed, sweet Joe-Pye weed, gravel root, or trumpet weed
Habitat :Eupatorium purpurea is native to eastern and central North America, from Ontario east to New Hampshire and south as far as Florida, Louisiana, and Oklahoma.
Eupatorium purpurea is a herbaceous perennial plant.It is a clump forming plant that grows to 1.5 – 2.4 meters (5 – 8 feet) tall and about 1.2 meters (4 ft) wide. Plants are found in full sun to part shade in moisture retentive to wet soils. Stems are upright, thick, round, and purple, with whorls of leaves at each node. As the plant begins to bloom the stems often bend downward under the weight of the flowers. The leaves grow to 30 cm (12 in) long and have a somewhat wrinkled texture. The purplish colored flowers are produced in large loose, convex shaped compound corymbiform arrays. Plants bloom mid to late summer and attract a lot of activity from insects that feed on the nector produced by the flowers. This species hybridizes readily with other species of Eutrochium and where this species and those species overlap in distribution the resulting plants can be difficult to resolve to a specific taxon. There are two varieties that differ in the pubescence of the stems and foliage, but many more have been proposed in the past, thought most authorities now accept that this is a variable species and population variations integrate.
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Dried flowering tops and leaves were used as a tonic for biliosness and as a laxative but this is now felt by some to be too toxic. Specifically to help remove stones in the bladder caused by excess uric acid–which gives one of its names of gravel root. Infusion may be used as an astringent tonic and stimulant. The solvent is water.
Leaves of Joe Pye stimulate circulation and sweating and reduce inflammation. The dried root has been used to tone the entire reproductive tract, helping with pelvic inflammatory disease, gonorrhea, menstrual cramps, and also prostate and urinary infections; gout and rheumatism. It is toning to the mucous membranes and cleans sediments that have settled on their surfaces. A concentrated root extract called “eupuriun” was sold by the Eclectic doctors.
As a nervine, it is said to influence the entire sympathetic nervous system. In cases of a depressed state of typhoid fever, its combination with Capsicum and Juniper is very effective.
The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplements, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.
- Flowering Plants in September (roylandscape.wordpress.com)