Viburnum tinus

Botanical Name: Viburnum tinus
Family: Adoxaceae
Genus: Viburnum
Species: V. tinus
Kingdom: Plantae
Order:Dipsacales

Common Names: Laurustinus, laurustinus viburnum, or laurestine

Other Name: French Name: Laurier-tin, Viorne tin

Habitat: Viburnum tinus is native to the Mediterranean area of Europe and North Africa.It grows mainly in the Mediterranean maquis and in oak forests. It prefers shady, moist areas, at an altitude of 0–800 metres (0–2,625 ft) above sea level. Laurus signifies the leaves’ similarities to bay laurel.

Description:
It is a shrub (rarely a small tree) reaching 2–7 m (7–23 ft) tall and 3 m (10 ft) broad, with a dense, rounded crown. The leaves are evergreen, persisting 2–3 years, ovate to elliptic, borne in opposite pairs, 4–10 cm long and 2–4 cm broad, with an entire margin. The flowers are small, white or light pink, produced from reddish-pink buds in dense cymes 5–10 cm diameter in the winter. The fragrant flowers are bisexual and pentamerous. The flowering period is from October to June. Pollination is by insects. The fruit is a dark blue-black drupe 5–7 mm long.

There are three subspecies:

*Viburnum tinus subsp. tinus. Mediterranean region.

*Viburnum tinus subsp. rigidum (syn. V. rigidum). Canary Islands.

*Viburnum tinus subsp. subcordatum. Azores.

Leaves have domatia where predatory and microbivorous mites can be housed

Foliage:
*Leaf Arrangement: Opposite
*Leaf Venation: Pinnate
*Leaf Persistance: Evergreen
*Leaf Type: Simple
*Leaf Blade: 5 – 10 cm
*Leaf Margins: Entire
*Leaf Textures: Rough
*Leaf Scent: Unpleasant
*Color(growing season): Green
*Color(changing season): Green

Flower :
*Flower Showiness: True
*Flower Size Range: 7 – 10
*Flower Type: Umbel
*Flower Sexuality: Monoecious (Bisexual)
*Flower Scent: Pleasant
*Flower Color: White
*Seasons: Spring

Trunk:
*Trunk Susceptibility to Breakage: Generally
resists breakage
*Number of Trunks: Can be trained to one trunk
*Trunk Esthetic Values: Not Showy

Fruit:
*Fruit Type: Drupe
*Fruit Showiness: True
*Fruit Size Range: 0 – 1.5
*Fruit Colors: Blue
*Seasons: Spring

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Medicinal Uses:
Viburnum tinus has medicinal properties. The active ingredients are viburnin (a substance or more probably a mixture of compounds) and tannins. Tannins can cause stomach upset. The leaves when infused have antipyretic properties. The fruits have been used as purgatives against constipation. The tincture has been used lately in herbal medicine as a remedy for depression. The plant also contains iridoid glucosides.

Viburnum tinus has good Homeopathic medicinal value.

Other Uses:      Viburnum tinus is a very good Landscape Plant. 

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viburnum_tinus
https://landscapeplants.aub.edu.lb/Plants/GetPDF/635ce76e-da16-43e0-9bbc-88a06fc81993

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