Herbs & Plants

Bothriochloa pertusa

Botanical Name: Bothriochloa pertusa
Family: Poaceae
Order: Poales
Genus: Bothriochloa
Species: B. pertusa

Synonyms:Amphilophis pertusa,Dichanthium pertusum

Common Names: Begi – Ghash (Lo); Bagi (Mu). Hurricane grass, Indian couch grass, Indian-bluegrass, Pitted bluestem, Seymour grass, Barbados sourgrass, Antigua hay, Pitted beardgrass,Sweet pitted grass, Silver grass (English),Comagueyana, Yerba huracán (Spanish), Suket putihan, Salay (Philippines), Ya-hom, Ya-hangma (Thailand), Huyêt tha’o lô (Vietnam), and Kong ying cao (Chinese)

Habitat : Bothriochloa pertusa is probably native to Asia, including China, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, and Malaysia. Its type locality was in India. It is now widespread outside its native range, having been purposely introduced to many regions, such as Australia, the Americas, the Pacific, and Africa. It is most common in tropical areas.

In general, it requires tropical climates, and it does not tolerate frost. It is able to grow in many types of soils. It withstands drought and disturbance, and it can sprout up in dry, degraded habitat, such as roadsides. It survives short-term waterlogging and fir.

Bothriochloa pertusa is a perennial grass that spreads via stolons. The stolons may be pink or red. They can be robust; stolons measuring 1.6 meters have been observed. The stems are upright to erect and reach 60 to 100 centimeters tall. At times they may extend along the ground for a distance, rooting where stem nodes contact the soil. The leaves are up to 30 centimeters long; the upper leaves longer than the lower. The leaves are green to gray-green. The inflorescence is a bunch of very hairy racemes each a few centimeters long. Parts of the inflorescence can be purplish in color. The spikelet has a twisted awn up to 2 centimeters long. The grass is aromatic, with a scent like ginger when it is crushed.


Medicinal Uses:
Aqueous decoction of fresh inflorescence (ca. 20 ml) mixed with the aqueous decoction of long pepper (Piper longum) (in
3: 1 ratio) is given to children to cure cold and cough by the Lodhas. Ripe grains are crushed to powder; about 5 gm of such powder is
mixed with black pepper (Piper nigrum) powder is given with a glass of lukewarm water for the treatment of breast tumour of women
by the Mundas. The drug is continued for 15 days and during continuation of the drug, medicine-men advice the patient not to
consume alcoholic drinks.

Other Uses:
This grass is used as a lawn, as it can form a dense mat. It is occasionally seeded in landscaping projects, along roadsides and in degraded fields, for example. It is planted for erosion control and mine reclamation. It has been used in no-till systems, in which it is grown in a vegetable field, then killed off to provide ready mulch for the vegetable crop.

The grass is well known as a fodder for livestock. It is planted as a pasture grass and used for hay and silage. It tolerates trampling, grazing, and cutting. In heavily grazed fields it is favored, becoming dominant as other grasses are eliminated by grazing pressure. Palatability is reduced when the grass flowers.

Cultivars include ‘Ghana Marvel 20’, a high yield type developed in India, and the rust-resistant ‘Dawson’, ‘Keppel’, and ‘Medway’ from Queensland.

It is sometimes planted with companions such as the grasses Cenchrus ciliaris, Urochloa mosambicensis, and Digitaria didactyla, and legumes such as Centrosema pascuorum, Chamaecrista rotundifolia, and Lotononis bainesii.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.


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