Herbs & Plants

Oryza nivara

Botanical Name: Oryza nivara
Family: Poaceae
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Poales
Subfamily: Oryzoideae
Genus: Oryza
Species: O. nivara

Common Name: Jhara dhan

Habitat:Oryza nivara grows in Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. It is found growing in swampy areas, at edge of pond and tanks, beside streams, in ditches, in or around rice fields. Grows in shallow water up to 0.3 m, in seasonally dry and open habitats.


Oryza nivara is an annual, short to intermediate height (usually <2 m) grass; panicles usually compact, rarely open; spikelets large, 6-10.4 mm long and 1.9-3.4 mm wide, with strong awn (4–10 cm long); anthers 1.5–3 mm long.


Edible Uses: Oryza nivara is a wild rice from India; one of rice species being used in the OMAP project. It belongs to the AA genome group. Breeders are interested in this organism because it exhibits resistance to grassy stunt virus.

Medicinal Uses: Root paste is applied to cure gum swelling by the Mundas. Root paste is applied to reset the teeth by the Santals.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.


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