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Fruits & Vegetables

Kundong

Botanical Name : Garcinia parvifolia/Clusia Clusioideae
Family: Clusiaceae
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Malpighiales
Genus: Garcinia
Species: G. parvifolia

Synonyms:
*Garcinia globulosa Ridl.
*Garcinia tetangies Boerl.
*Rhinostigma parvifolium Miq

Common Names: Kundong, Brunei cherry or Asam aur aur
Brunei Sherry, Kandis (Eng.)
Indonesia: Asem Kandis; Jeri, Kemenjing, Ki Jeri, Ki Ceri-Ceri, Memenjing, Walung (Java); Asam Kandis, Kandes, Kandis Burung (Sumatra); Entelang, Ete, Gandis, Kedundong, Kumanjing, Kundong (Kalimantan); Badang (Bali)
Malaysia: Asam Kandis, Asam Aur Aur
Thailand: Chamuang Lek

Habitat: Kundong is native to the island of Borneo. The tree is found at elevations of 600–800 metres (2,000–2,600 ft) in humid environments, and grows to a height of 33 metres (108 ft). The bark, wood, leaves, and fruit of the kundong tree are used by humans.

Description:
Kundong is a tropical evergreen tree native to the island of Borneo.The tree is found at elevations of 600–800 metres (2,000–2,600 ft) in humid environments, and grows to a height of 33 metres (108 ft). The bark, wood, leaves, and fruit of the kundong tree are used by humans……….CLICK & SEE
Covering a very large area, they are classified under the category of Sub-canopy tree that grows upto 33metre tall and 23 cm dbh-diameter at breast height. The shoot of the tree has yellow to white latex with leaves having no trichomes, simple, venation inconspicuous of pinnately arranged leaf veins. The flowers – 9 mm diameter, white-yellow, placed in leaf axils. Fruits- 17 mm diameter, yellow-orange-red, fleshy berry, seeds with white aril.

Propagation:
Kundong trees grow in the humid interior of Borneo. The trees can be found at higher elevations along ridges and near riverbanks. The kundong propagates through seeds that take around six months to germinate. The tree grows quickly and once planted can produce fruit in as little as 4 years. The majority of kundong grow in the wild, but the tree can be cultivated in gardens.

Edible Uses:
Kundong can be eaten raw or cooked. The small red-yellow fruit has a sour taste with a sweet white pulp. Younger fruits are used to produce a sour taste in other types of food, such as curry. The fruit is about the size of a cherry and looks similar to a purple mangosteen, hence the nicknames Brunei cherry (interchangeable with Borneo cherry) and red mangosteen.

Medicinal Uses:
Garcinia parvifolia is used in traditional medicine. Currently, the antiviral activity of G. parvifolia is not known.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.

Resources:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garcinia_parvifolia
https://www.fruitsinfo.com/kundong-fruit.php
http://www.plantsofasia.com/index/garcinia_parvifolia/0-904

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