Categories
Fruits & Vegetables

Nonda plum

Botanical Name:Parinari nonda
Family: Chrysobalanaceae
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Malpighiales
Genus: Parinari
Species:P. nonda

Common Name: Nonda plum, Nonda tree, Nunda plum and Parinari.

Habitat: Nonda plum is native to northern Australia and New Guinea.It grows in Monsoonal areas in open Eucalyptus forest, or dry scrub. Undulating to hilly plateaux of either sandstone or basalt and on alluvial plains. Savannah, open forest, forest on rocky areas in lowlands

Description:
Nonda plum is a small tree or a shrub which has its roots in the family Chrysobalanaceae. It bears edible fruit which seeds are surrounded by brown hairs and they are generally harvested in the wild. In general, it occurs in Northern Australia and New Guinea. Nonda Tree, Nunda Plum and Parinari are some of its common names. The fruits are ovoid-globular in shape and are pericap fleshy just about 30-40 x 25-35 mm in size. Having a hard endocarp and bony, they are about 25 x 15 mm, outer surface rough and reticulate.

Nonda plum varies considerably in habit according to its environment. Normally a small to medium-sized tree 6 – 15 metres tall, though exceptional specimens can reach 34 metres in height. On adverse sites, however, it can be reduced to a shrub just 1 – 2 metres tall. The bole is unbuttressed
The tree is harvested from the wild for its edible fruit. It is also exploited for its useful timber, and has been used in land reclamation schemes…....CLICK & SEE THE PICTURES

Cultivation:
Preferring sunny position, the tree thrives in deep, well-drained sandy to loamy soil. It can be found up to elevations of 1300 metres. In addition it can tolerate a pH range of 4.5 – 8, and prefers 5.5 – 7. Goes well with a mean annual rainfall in the range 1,100 – 1,600mm, but tolerates 700 – 1,800mm

Propagation: Through seeds.

Edible Uses:
Fruits are eaten. The fruit has a yellow-orange, firm, dry flesh that tastes of baked potatoes. The orange-brown fruit is about 4cm in diameter.

Health Benefits: It has normal health benefits as every fruit has.

Other Uses:
The tree has been tried out in mined-land rehabilitation trials.
The timber has good wearing properties and can be used for building construction material, agricultural implements, joinery, sleepers, poles, and turnery
The wood is a good fuel.

Known Hazards: The wood dust may cause dermatitis, probably because of irritation by silica deposit.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only.

Resources:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parinari_nonda
http://www.fruitsinfo.com/nonda-plum.php
http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Parinari+nonda

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