Botanical Name:Annona purpurea
Species: A. purpurea
Synonyms: Annona manirote, Annona involucrate
Common Names: Soncoya, Sincuya,Matimba and Cabeza de negro.
Habitat: Soncoya is native to Mexico, Central America, and parts of South America. It is quite common in coastal lowlands from southern Mexico to Panama, Colombia and Venezuela. Soncoya has also been introduced into the Philippines and a few other Asian countries.
Soncoya is a small to medium tree reaching a maximum of 6 to 10 metres (20 to 33 ft). It is deciduous with hairy leaves and large, strong-scented flowers. Flowers, which emerge with the new leaves, strongly fragrant, solitary, fleshy, large, conical, usually enclosed at first by a pair of bracts; held at the base by a rusty-hairy, 3 parted calyx; outer petals 3, very thick, brown hairy outside, yellowish and purple mottled within, and 3 smaller, inner petals also 3, relatively thinner, creamy white outside, purple inside.Its pollen is shed as permanent tetrads.
The fruit is rounded, 15 to 20 centimeters wide, and covered with a felt-textured brown skin that is hard to cut open when ripe. The surface of the fruit has hooklike projections. It has many seeds which have a germination time of 1 to 6 months. Trees take about 1 to 3 years to bear and can be container grown. This species is closely related to the cherimoya, the sugar-apple and other Annonas. The soncoya is fairly obscure among Annonas; the fruit is of indifferent quality and has not attracted wide cultivation. The fruit has a texture like the soursop which some may describe as stringy or fibrous.
Cultivation: Soncoya is a tropical fruit and therefore requires a hot and humid climate. It has not been noticed occurring above 1200 m altitude.
This fruit is easily propagated by seed. The The surface of the fruit has There are hook like projections on the surface of soncaya fruits. These are quite hard. Because of these, people do not find this fruit very convenient to handle. It is probably one reason because of which this fruit has not able to become popular as an orchard fruit..
Edible Uses : The fruit can be eaten raw or can be made into juice.
Medicinal Uses: Juice from the fruit is sometimes used as a remedy for fevers. Its inner bark is used for preparing teas, often to treat dysentery.
Other Uses: Extracts from the seeds are poisonous which are mostly used as an insecticide.
Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.