Binomical Name: Stromateidae
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Clade: Percomorpha
Order: Scombriformes
Suborder: Stromateoidei

Common Names: Butterfish,

Habitat : . Butterfishes is native to New Zealand. It is also avaible in coastal waters off the Americas, western Africa and in the Indo-Pacific.

Butterfish is thin, deep-bodied, more or less oval and silvery fishes of the family Stromateidae. They are found in warm and temperate seas and are characterized by a small mouth, forked tail, and a single dorsal fin. Like the related rudderfishes (Centrolophidae) and man-of-war fishes (Nomeidae), they also have peculiar, toothed outpocketings in the esophagus. (The Centrolophidae and Nomeidae have sometimes been included in Stromateidae.)

The Colors of the fish is Leaden bluish above, pale on the sides, with numerous irregular dark spots which fade after death. The belly is silvery.
And the Shapes is about 12 inches long; the general run are about 6 to 9 inches long.

Certain butterfishes, such as the dollarfish (Poronotus triacanthus), are noted for taking shelter when young among the tentacles of jellyfishes. The dollarfish and several other species of butterfishes are commonly used as food. Among these are the harvest fish (Peprilus alepidotus), an Atlantic species that usually grows to about 20 cm (8 inches) long; the Pacific pompano (Peprilus simillimus), a silvery Californian fish; and Pampus argenteus, a black-spotted, Oriental fish.


The rock gunnel, family Pholidae, is sometimes also called a butterfish (see gunnel).

Food Uses:
Major nutrients

Vitamin B-12 (25.42%)
Selenium (21.27%)
Isoleucine (15.25%)
Lysine (15.19%)
Tryptophan (14.09%)

Nutritional Value:
Apart from their wonderful taste, butterfish is a good source of nutrients, vitamins and minerals. Consuming 32 gram of butterfish offers 0.61 µg of Vitamin B-12, 11.7 µg of Selenium, 5.53 g of Protein, 77 mg of Phosphorus, 1.44 mg of Vitamin B3, 0.096 mg of Vitamin B6, 2.57 g of Total Fat, 0.24 mg of Vitamin B5 and 0.048 mg of Vitamin B2. Moreover many Amino acids 0.062 g of Tryptophan, 0.243 g of Threonine, 0.255 g of Isoleucine, 0.45 g of Leucine, 0.508 g of Lysine, 0.164 g of Methionine are also found in 32 gram of butterfish.

Known Hazards:
One should never eat more than 6 ounces in a meal, because butterfish can cause the sickness known as keriorrhea. Keriorrhea turns your stool orange and is caused by ingesting the indigestible waxy esters that butterfish contain. Eating the fish closer to the tail reduces this risk.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only.


Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.