Botanical Name: Eremophila fraseri
Species: E. fraseri
*Bondtia fraseri Kuntze orth.var.
*Bontia fraseri (F.Muell.) Kuntze
*Pholidia fraseri (F.Muell.) Wettst.
Common Names: Burra, Turpentine bush
Habitat: Eremophila fraseri is native to Native to Western Australia It grows in a wide range of habitats and different soil types. Subspecies parva occurs in scattered locations in the Meekatharra and Gascoyne regions in Western Australia where it grows in stony or sandy clay loam.
Eremophila fraseri is an erect shrub or small tree, usually growing to a height of between 1 and 4 m (3 and 10 ft). The branches, leaves, sepals and flower stalks are glabrous and thickly covered with resin making them very sticky and shiny. The leaves vary in size and shape, depending on subspecies, from lance-shaped to egg-shaped. They have a stalk mostly 12–22 mm (0.5–0.9 in) long and a leaf blade mostly 25–45 mm (1–2 in) long and 12–28 mm (0.5–1 in) wide.
The flowers are usually borne singly in leaf axils on a stalk, 15–35 mm (0.6–1 in) long. There are 5 reddish-purple sepals which differ from each other in size and shape. The largest sepal is 15–35 mm (0.6–1 in) long and is egg-shaped while the smallest ones are 10.5–24 mm (0.4–0.9 in) long and are narrow egg-shaped to lance-shaped. The petals are mostly 20–35 mm (0.8–1 in) long and are joined at their lower end to form a tube. The petal tube is brown and the petal lobes on its end are whitish to pale lilac often spotted brown or purple. The inside and outside of the petal tube are hairy, especially the inside of the tube and the petal lobes on the sides are bent back over the petal tube. The 4 stamens extend beyond the end of the petal tube. Flowering occurs from March to November and is followed by fruits which are dry, sticky, oval shaped with a pointed end and 9–13 mm (0.4–0.5 in) long.
Climate: warm temperate to subtropical. Humidity: arid to semi-arid. Prefers a well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade. It is drought tolerant. It can withstand slight frost. Sandy or stony soils, alluvium. Colluvial & riverine flats, rocky hills. Carbon Farming Solutions – Cultivation: wild. Management: hay (Describes the non-destructive management systems that are used in cultivation)
Burra is used as a topical medication, the liquid derived from a preparation of the leaves is used for skin complaints. It is called Jilarnu in the Yindjibarndi and Ngarluma languages and it is collected from a place called Millstream.
Carbon Farming Solutions – Industrial Crop: hydrocarbon resin (Crops grown for non-food uses. Industrial crops provide resources in three main categories: materials, chemicals, and energy. Traditional materials include lumber and thatch, paper and cardboard, and textiles.
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