Herbs & Plants

Fraxinus floribunda

Botanical Name: Fraxinus floribunda
Family: Oleaceae
Kingdom: Plantae
Order: Lamiales
Genus: Fraxinus
Section: Fraxinus sect. Ornus
Species: F. floribunda

Common Name: Himalayan Ash

Habitat: Fraxinus floribunda is native to South Asia, East Asia, and Southeast Asia. It is known from Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, Assam, Bhutan, Laos, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Vietnam, the Ryukyu Islands, and parts of China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang) It grows in rich moist soils in forests, 1200 – 2700 metres in the Himalayas. Dense forests, mixed woods of valleys, roadsides; sea level to 2600 metres in western China.

Fraxinus floribunda is a medium-sized deciduous tree growing to 10–15 m tall with a trunk up to 50 cm diameter, with grey bark. Leaves opposite, pinnate, with 7–9 serrate leaflets. Flowers white, with petals 3–4 mm long, in large branched clusters up to 25 cm across. Fruit a nut, with a long narrow wing 2.5–4 cm long by 3–4 mm wide.


Prefers a deep loamy soil, even if it is on the heavy side. Most members of this genus are gross feeders and require a rich soil. Plants succeed when growing in exposed positions and also in alkaline soils. Plants tolerate atmospheric pollution. Closely related to F. ornus. This species is not very hardy in Britain but can succeed outdoors in the milder areas. It has a very wide range in the wild and there are probably provenances that will do much better in Britain. Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

Edible Uses:
A manna is obtained by incision of the trunk. It is used as a sweetener but is laxative if used in quantity.

Medicinal Uses:
The manna obtained from incisions in the stem is a safe and gentle laxative. The young shoots are abortifacient.

Other Uses:
Wood. Used for oars, ploughs and poles.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.


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