Botanical name: Geranium pratense
Species: G. pratense
Common Names: Meadow Crane’s Bill, Meadow geranium, Geranium
Habitat: Geranium pratense is native to much of Europe and Asia, but is cultivated and naturalized elsewhere
Geranium pratense is a herbiculas perennial plant, growing to 1.2 m (4ft) at a fast rate. The leaves are deeply divided into 7-9 lobes and 3-6 inch wide . It is in flower from June to September and the flowers are pale blue, although getting paler into the centre. The flowers have 5 petals, which sometimes have veins. The stamens have pink-purple stalks with dark purple anthers. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects.
Tolerates a wide range of soil types. There are many named varieties, selected for their ornamental value. Plants can be naturalized in meadows. Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer or rabbits.
Seed – sow spring in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer. Division in spring or autumn. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.
The plant is used as a vulnerary. The root is used in Tibetan medicine where it is said to have an acrid, sweet flavour plus a cooling potency. Analgesic, anti-inflammatory and febrifuge, it is used in the treatment of fevers from influenza, inflammation of the lungs, pain and swellings of the limbs.
Other Uses: Landscape Uses:Alpine garden, Border. Succeeds in any moderately fertile retentive soil in a sunny position. Attractive foliage, Not North American native, Naturalizing, Suitable for cut flowers.
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