Herbs & Plants

Adonis annua

Botanical Name: Adonis annua
Family: Ranunculaceae
Order: Ranunculales
Genus: Adonis
Species: A. annua

Synonyms: Adonis autumnalis L., Adonis phoenicea Bercht. & J.Presl.

Common Names: Pheasant’s-eye, Adonis’ flower, Autumn Adonis, Autumn pheasant’s-eye, Blooddrops, Red chamomile, Red Morocco, Rose-a-ruby, Soldiers-in-green.

Habitaat: Adonis annua is native to North Africa, Western Asia, the Mediterranean, and Europe. The name Bird’s Eye is also associated with the bird’s-eye primrose. Pheasant’s eye is also an alternative name for poet’s narcissus.


Adonis annua is an annual, ornamental plant.It grows to a height of 10 inch (25 cm). The flowers are often scarlet in color with darker spots at the base.


In the UK, Adonis annua is endangered and listed as a priority species under the UK Biodiversity Action Plan. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, flies, beetles.

The leaves and roots are poisonous to humans and livestock.

Medicinal Uses:
The plant is a cardiotonic, diuretic and stimulant. Some caution is advised in the use of this remedy, see the notes below on toxicity. The flowers are considered to be diuretic, laxative and lithontripic.

Grows well in ordinary garden soil. Prefers a moist well-drained soil in sun or semi-shade. A greedy plant inhibiting the growth of nearby plants, especially legumes. Very closely related to Adonis aestivalis.

Propagation: Seed – best sown in situ as soon as it is ripe in the autumn, though it can also be sown in situ in the spring.

Known Hazards: A toxic principle is present in very small quantities in the plant. It is poorly absorbed so poisoning is unlikely. The plant is poisonous to horses and some livestocks.

Disclaimer : The information presented herein is intended for educational purposes only. Individual results may vary, and before using any supplement, it is always advisable to consult with your own health care provider.


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